spade

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See also: Spade, späde, and спаде

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English spade, from Old English spada, spade, spadu (spade), from Proto-Germanic *spadǭ, *spadô, *spadō (spade). Cognate with Dutch spade, Old Frisian spada, Old Saxon spado, German Spaten, Hunsrik Spaad. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-, whence also Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, blade), Hittite [script needed] (išpatar, spear), Persian سپار(sopār, plow), Northern Luri ئەسپار(aspār, diging) and Central Kurdish ئەسپەر(esper), ئەسپەرە(espere, cross-piece on shaft of spade to take pressure of foot).[1]

Noun[edit]

spade (plural spades)

  1. A garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging. Not to be confused with a shovel which is used for moving earth or other materials.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      'Make your mind easy,' Ratsey said; 'I have dug too often in this graveyard for any to wonder if they see me with a spade.'
  2. A playing card marked with the symbol .
    I've got only one spade in my hand.
  3. (offensive, ethnic slur) A black person.
    • 1929, Wallace Thurman, The Blacker the Berry, New York: Collier Books, published 1970, →ISBN, page 161:
      And as for a divorce, I know plenty spades right here in Harlem get married any time they want to.
    • 1968, Joan Didion, “Slouching Towards Bethlehem”, in Slouching Towards Bethlehem:
      Example: Max was in a hospital in New York and “the night nurse was a groovy spade, and in the afternoon for therapy there was a chick from Israel who was interesting, but there was nothing much to do in the morning, so I left.”
    • 1968, Tom Wolfe, The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test, Bantam, published 1997, →ISBN, page 9:
      It had even gotten to the point that Negroes were no longer in the hip scene, not even as totem figures. It was unbelievable. Spades, the very soul figures of Hip, of jazz, of the hip vocabulary itself, man and like dig and baby and scarf and split and later and so fine, of civil rights and graduating from Reed College and living on North Beach, down Mason, and balling spade cats—all that good elaborate petting and patting and pouring soul all over the spades—all over, finished, incredibly.
  4. A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Scottish Gaelic: spaid
  • Fiji Hindi: sipi

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb[edit]

spade (third-person singular simple present spades, present participle spading, simple past and past participle spaded)

  1. To turn over soil with a spade to loosen the ground for planting.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dehkhoda dictionary: سپار.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare spay, noun, and spado.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade (plural spades)

  1. A hart or stag three years old.
  2. A castrated man or animal.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for spade in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch spade, from Old Dutch *spado, from Proto-Germanic *spadô.

Noun[edit]

spade m (plural spaden or spades)

  1. spade

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch spâde, from Old Dutch *spādi, from Proto-Germanic *spēdiz (late).

Adjective[edit]

spade (comparative spader, superlative spaadst)

  1. (archaic) late
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of spade
uninflected spade
inflected spade
comparative spader
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial spade spader het spaadst
het spaadste
indefinite m./f. sing. spade spadere spaadste
n. sing. spade spader spaadste
plural spade spadere spaadste
definite spade spadere spaadste
partitive spades spaders
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]



Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈspɑde/, [ˈs̠pɑde̞]
  • Rhymes: -ɑde
  • Syllabification: spa‧de

Noun[edit]

spade

  1. (military slang) field cook
    Synonym: sotilaskeittäjä


Inflection of spade (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)
nominative spade spadet
genitive spaden spadejen
partitive spadea spadeja
illative spadeen spadeihin
singular plural
nominative spade spadet
accusative nom. spade spadet
gen. spaden
genitive spaden spadejen
spadeinrare
partitive spadea spadeja
inessive spadessa spadeissa
elative spadesta spadeista
illative spadeen spadeihin
adessive spadella spadeilla
ablative spadelta spadeilta
allative spadelle spadeille
essive spadena spadeina
translative spadeksi spadeiksi
instructive spadein
abessive spadetta spadeitta
comitative spadeineen
Possessive forms of spade (type nalle)
possessor singular plural
1st person spadeni spademme
2nd person spadesi spadenne
3rd person spadensa

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spatha (a type of sword), from Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, broad blade).

Noun[edit]

spade f (plural spadis)

  1. sword

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade f

  1. plural of spada

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German spade and Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði

Noun[edit]

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spader, definite plural spadene)

  1. a spade (tool)
    kalle en spade for en spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    tre spader jord - three spadefuls of earth

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði, from Middle Low German spade

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²spɑːə/, /²spɑːdə/

Noun[edit]

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spadar, definite plural spadane)

  1. a spade, shovel (tool)
    kalle ein spade for ein spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    ein spade sand - a spadeful of sand

Verb[edit]

spade (present tense spader, past tense spadde, past participle spadd or spadt, present participle spadande, imperative spad)

  1. Alternative form of spa

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English spadu.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade (plural spades)

  1. tool for digging, shovel

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse spaði, from Middle Low German spade, from Proto-Germanic *spadō, from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-.

Noun[edit]

spade c

  1. a spade (tool)

Declension[edit]

Declension of spade 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative spade spaden spadar spadarna
Genitive spades spadens spadars spadarnas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]