spade

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See also: Spade and späde

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /speɪd/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: spayed
  • Rhymes: -eɪd

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English spade, from Old English spada, spade, spadu (spade), from Proto-Germanic *spadǭ, *spadô, *spadō (spade). Cognate with Dutch spade, Old Frisian spada, Old Saxon spado, German Spaten. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-, whence also Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, blade), Hittite [script needed] (išpatar, spear), Persian سپار (sopār, plow), Northern Luri ئەسپار (aspār, diging) and Kurdish ئەسپەر (aspar, blade's sign on earth)[1]

Noun[edit]

spade (plural spades)

  1. A garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging. Not to be confused with a shovel which is used for moving earth or other materials.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      'Make your mind easy,' Ratsey said; 'I have dug too often in this graveyard for any to wonder if they see me with a spade.'
  2. A playing card marked with the symbol .
    I've got only one spade in my hand.
  3. (offensive, ethnic slur) A black person.
  4. A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Verb[edit]

spade (third-person singular simple present spades, present participle spading, simple past and past participle spaded)

  1. To turn over soil with a spade to loosen the ground for planting.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare spay, noun, and spado.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade (plural spades)

  1. A hart or stag three years old.
  2. A castrated man or animal.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for spade in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative form[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch spade, from Old Dutch *spado, from Proto-Germanic *spadô.

Noun[edit]

spade m (plural spaden or spades)

  1. spade

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch spâde, from Old Dutch *spādi. Cognate with German spät (late).

Adjective[edit]

spade (comparative spader, superlative spaadst)

  1. (archaic) late
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of spade
uninflected spade
inflected spade
comparative spader
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial spade spader het spaadst
het spaadste
indefinite m./f. sing. spade spadere spaadste
n. sing. spade spader spaadste
plural spade spadere spaadste
definite spade spadere spaadste
partitive spades spaders
Synonyms[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade

  1. (military slang) field cook

Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin spatha (a type of sword), from Ancient Greek σπάθη (spáthē, broad blade).

Noun[edit]

spade f (plural spadis)

  1. sword

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

spade f

  1. plural of spada

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Low German spade and Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði

Noun[edit]

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spader, definite plural spadene)

  1. a spade (tool)
    kalle en spade for en spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    tre spader jord - three spadefuls of earth

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse spaði, jarnspaði, from Middle Low German spade

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²spɑːə/, /²spɑːdə/

Noun[edit]

spade m (definite singular spaden, indefinite plural spadar, definite plural spadane)

  1. a spade, shovel (tool)
    kalle ein spade for ein spade - call a spade a spade
  2. a spadeful
    ein spade sand - a spadeful of sand

Verb[edit]

spade (present tense spader, past tense spadde, past participle spadd or spadt, present participle spadande, imperative spad)

  1. Alternative form of spa

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse spaði, from Middle Low German spade, from Proto-Germanic *spadō, from Proto-Indo-European *sph₂-dʰ-.

Noun[edit]

spade c

  1. a spade (tool)

Declension[edit]

Declension of spade 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative spade spaden spadar spadarna
Genitive spades spadens spadars spadarnas

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ^ Dehkhoda dictionary, enter: سپار