бар

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Bashkir[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār (there is/are, there exist(s)).

Cognate with Uyghur بار(bar, there exists), Turkish var (there exists).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɑr]
  • Hyphenation: бар (one syllable)

Predicative[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, s/he has, etc.
    Уйлаймын, тимәк мин бармын.
    Uylaymın, timäk min barmın.
    (I) think, therefore I exist.
    Биш минут ҡына ваҡытым бар.
    Biş minut qına vaqıtım bar.
    I have only five minutes of time.
    Ауылда биш сутый ере бар.
    Awılda biş sutıy yere bar.
    ((S)he) has 5 ares of land in the village.
    Ҡаҙағстанда ла аҙаш ауыл бар икән.
    Qaðağstanda la aðaş awıl bar ikän.
    As it happens, there is a village of the same name in Kazakhstan as well.
    Рәсәйҙә ауыл хужалығының киләсәге бармы?
    Räsäyðä awıl xujalığınıŋ kiläsäge barmı?
    Is there a future for agriculture in Russia?
    "Ни сәсһәң - шуны урырһың", тигән тапҡыр әйтем бар.
    "Ni säshäŋ - şunı urırhıŋ", tigän tapqır äytem bar.
    There is a shrewd adage which says "What you sow is what you will reap".
    Кем белә, бәлки, башҡа сәбәбе лә барҙыр.
    Kem belä, bälki, başqa säbäbe lä barðır.
    Who knows, there might be another reason as well.

Determiner[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. all, every
    Ул бик ҡиммәтле матур ынйы тапҡас, ҡайтып бар мөлкәтен һатҡан да, шул ынйыны алған. (Matthew 13:46)
    Ul bik qimmätle matur ınyı tapqas, qaytıp bar mölkäten hatqan da, şul ınyını alğan.
    When he found a very valuable, beautiful pearl, (he) went home, sold all his belongings and bought that pearl.
    Бар мәғлүмәт тере шаһиттар ауыҙынан яҙып алынған.
    Bar mäğlümät tere şahittar awıðınan yaðıp alınğan.
    All information has been recorded from the mouths of living witnesses.
    Бар көсөмдө башҡорт Википедияһына һалам.
    Bar kösömdö başqort Vikipediyahına halam.
    I put my every effort into the Bashkir Wikipedia.

Adjective[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. (introduces an attributive adjective phrase) with, which have/has...
    Үҙ яҙмаһы бар халыҡ.
    Üð yaðmahı bar xalıq.
    A people that has its own literary tradition.

Antonyms[edit]

  • юҡ (yuq) (there is not)

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Budukh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Armenian *բարհ (*barh)[1], the earlier form of բահ (bah), or together with it borrowed from an Iranian source.

Noun[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. wooden spade[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “բահ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 393b
  2. ^ Мейланова, У. А. (1984), “бар”, in Будухско-русский словарь [Budukh–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Nauka, page 25b

Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. bar, pub
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight, burden).

Noun[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension[edit]

Dolgan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bar-, compare Kyrgyz бар- (bar-).

Verb[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. to go

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic бар (bar)
Arabic بار
Latin

Predicative[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.

Verb[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. to go

Kumyk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.
    Акъчам таман чакъы бар.Aqçam taman çaqı bar.I have enough money.

Antonyms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • бар in Kumyksko-russkij slovarʹ, 2013

Kyrgyz[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist

Antonyms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [bar]
  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

бар (bar) (no comparative)

  1. at least

Noun[edit]

бар (barm (related adjective барски)

  1. bar (place)

Declension[edit]


Mongolian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mongolic *bars, a loanword from Proto-Turkic *bars (leopard, large feline) of unclear etymology.

Compare Dongxiang basi, Kazakh барыс (barys).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бар (bar) (Mongolian spelling ᠪᠠᠷᠰ (bars))

  1. tiger
  2. (astrology) tiger

Related terms[edit]


Ossetian[edit]

Noun[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. right
  2. permission

References[edit]

  • Абаев, В. И. (1958–1995) Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), Moscow, Leningrad: Academy Press

Russian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English bar.

Noun[edit]

бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. saloon, bar, snack bar
  2. (technical) bar, jib
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French barre.

Noun[edit]

бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. sandbar
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from French bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros).

Noun[edit]

бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. (meteorology) bar (unit of pressure)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

бар (barm anim pl

  1. genitive/accusative plural of ба́рин (bárin)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr)

  1. public house, bar
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Clipping of ба̀рем.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ба̏р (Latin spelling bȁr)

  1. at least

Etymology 4[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bъrъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr) (regional)

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
    Synonym: му̏ха̄р
  2. pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)
    Synonyms: ко̀шћан, бѝсе̄рно про̏со
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Southern Altai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār. Kazakh бар (bar), Kyrgyz бар (bar), Crimean Tatar bar, Kumyk бар (bar), Bashkir бар (bar), Tatar бар (bar), Azerbaijani var, Turkish var, Uzbek bor, ‎Uyghur بار(bar), etc.

Predicative[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • N. A. Baskakov, Toščakova N.A, editor (1947), “бар”, in Ojrotsko-Russkij Slovarʹ, M.: OGIZ, →ISBN

Tajik[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Dari بر
Iranian Persian
Tajik бар (bar)

бар (bar)

  1. on
  2. upon
  3. onto

Tuvan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bār (there is, there are). Cognate to Turkish var (there is).

Adjective[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. there is
    Соок суг бар бе?Sook sug bar be?Have you got cold water? (literally, “Is there cold water?”)

Yakut[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bar-. Compare Kyrgyz бар- (bar-).

Verb[edit]

бар (bar)

  1. (intransitive) (with dat.) to go (somewhere)
    Synonym: сырыт (sırıt)
  2. (with abl.) to go away, to leave, to depart
    Synonym: таҕыс (tağıs)
    Antonyms: киир (kiir, to enter), хаал (xaal, to stay)
  3. to go (well, badly, etc.)
  4. (euphemistic) to go, to die
  5. (as an auxiliary verb, following the -ан form of another verb)
    to start something, to go and do something
    • үлэлээн барüleleen barto start working
    • ааҕан барaağan barto start reading
  6. (as баран, following the -ан form of another verb, and itself followed by another clause)
    (by extension from the above sense)
    after
    • этэн баран, өйдөөтүмeten baran, öydöötümafter I said it, I understood
    See synonyms at хойут (xoyut).

Notice the range of senses (compare English go).

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]