tiger

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See also: Tiger

English[edit]

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A tiger.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English tygre, in part from Old English tigras (pl.), in part from Anglo-Norman tigre, both from Latin tigris, from Ancient Greek τίγρις (tígris), from Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬙𐬌𐬔𐬭𐬌(tigri, arrow), 𐬙𐬌𐬖𐬭𐬀(tiγra, pointed)). More at stick.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tiger (plural tigers, feminine tigress)

  1. Panthera tigris, a large predatory mammal of the cat family, indigenous to Asia.
    1. A male tiger; as opposed to a tigress.
  2. (heraldry) A representation of a large mythological cat, used on a coat of arms.
    • 1968, Charles MacKinnon of Dunakin, The Observer's Book of Heraldry, page 69:
      The heraldic tiger is a mythical beast, quite unlike a real tiger which is described in heraldry as a Bengal tiger. The ordinary tiger has no stripes, has a horn protruding from its nose, has tusks like a boar and a tufted mane, and has a lion's tail instead of a tiger's.
  3. (South Africa, dated but still used) A leopard.
    • 1907, Sir Percy Fitzpatrick, Jock of the Bushveld, Longmans 1976 ed., →ISBN, page 251:
      Jim remarked irrelevantly that tigers were 'schelms' and it was his conviction that there were a great many in the kloofs round about.
  4. A relatively small country or group of countries with a fast-growing economy.
    • 2000, Jagdish Handa, Monetary Economics, Psychology Press →ISBN, page 709
      In this scenario, the growth rates are higher for the economic tigers than for the other economies.
    • 2009, Fabrizio Tassinari, Why Europe Fears Its Neighbors, ABC-CLIO →ISBN, page 21
      Then came the 2008 credit turmoil and ensuing economic slump, which not only belittled the huge economic and social gains of the various Baltic and Celtic '' Tigers,'' as well as of several former communist nations of Central Europe.
    • 2014, Emmanuel Akyeampong, Robert H. Bates, Nathan Nunn, James Robinson, Africa's Development in Historical Perspective, Cambridge University Press →ISBN, page 287
      Once colonial or settler rule ended, such enterprises either lost the crutches of state support or became “white elephants,” draining resources from the wider economy. This was an important factor holding back the emergence of African tigers.
  5. (obsolete) A servant in livery, who rides with his master or mistress.
    • 1836, “Boz” [pseudonym; Charles Dickens], Sketches by “Boz,” Illustrative of Every-day Life, and Every-day People. [], volume (please specify |volume=I or II), 2nd edition, London: John Macrone, [], OCLC 912950347:
      We arranged that I should come here alone in the London coach; and that he, leaving his tiger and cab behind him, should come on , and arrive here as soon as possible this afternoo
    • 1843, Thomas Carlyle, Past and Present, book 2, ch. XVII, The Beginnings
      The doom of Fate was, Be thou a Dandy! Have thy eye-glasses, opera-glasses, thy Long-Acre cabs with white-breeched tiger, thy yawning impassivities, pococurantisms; fix thyself in Dandyhood, undeliverable; it is thy doom.
  6. (US, slang) A person who is very athletic during sexual intercourse.
    • 2010, Jeff Wilser, The Maxims of Manhood:
      Don't [] Tell your roommate that you heard the walls shaking all night, and it sounds like he's a real tiger in the sack.
  7. (figuratively) A ferocious, bloodthirsty and audacious person.
  8. (US, colloquial) A kind of growl or screech, after cheering.
    three cheers and a tiger
  9. A pneumatic box or pan used in refining sugar.
  10. A tiger moth in the family Arctiidae.
  11. A tiger beetle.
  12. Any of the three Australian species of black-and-yellow striped dragonflies of the genus Ictinogomphus.
  13. A tiger butterfly in tribe Danaini, especially subtribe Danaina

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for “tiger” in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Usage notes[edit]

In heraldry, many writers use spellings such as tyger or tygre to distinguish the mythological beast from the natural tiger (also blazoned Bengal tiger), which also occurs in heraldry.

Hypernyms[edit]
Hyponyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Volapük: tigrid
  • Welsh: teigr
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the mascot of Princeton (a tiger), which led to early cheerleaders calling out "Tiger" at the end of a cheer for the Princeton team.

Noun[edit]

tiger (plural tigers)

  1. A final shouted phrase, accompanied by a jump or outstretched arms, at the end of a cheer.
    • 1868, Punch: Or the London Charivari - Volume 55, page 231:
      He spoke with a very strong Scotch accent, and is by no means a graceful orator, but he produced througout a most favourable impression upon all his hearers, and especially upon the students, one of whom shouted as the speaker closed, 'Long Live PRESIDENT M'COSH!' and then proposed three cheers, which were given with a will, followed by the usual tiger and ' rocket.'
    • 1941, Margaret Leech, Reveille in Washington:
      . . . every blue coat in the audience sprang to his feet, with three times three and a tiger.
    • 2008, D. C. Beard, The Outdoor Handy Book: For Playground, Field, and Forest, page 413:
      One Brooklyn military company has a “tiger” composed of a provincial expression borrowed from the farmers. When drawled out by a hundred throats the phrase "I-wanter-know!" always produces a laugh.

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Cornish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia kw

Etymology[edit]

From English tiger.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Revived Middle Cornish) /ˈtiːɡɛr/, (Revived Late Cornish) /ˈtiːɡɐr/

Noun[edit]

tiger m (plural tigres or tigri)

  1. tiger

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From German Tiger, from Latin tigris.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tiger c (singular definite tigeren, plural indefinite tigere or tigre)

  1. tiger

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old French tigre, from Latin tigris.

Noun[edit]

tiger m

  1. tiger

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

tiger

  1. Alternative form of tygre

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tigris.

Noun[edit]

tiger m (definite singular tigeren, indefinite plural tigere or tigre or tigrer, definite plural tigerne or tigrene)

  1. a tiger, Panthera tigris

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tigris.

Noun[edit]

tiger m (definite singular tigeren, indefinite plural tigrar, definite plural tigrane)

  1. a tiger, Panthera tigris

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin tigris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈti.ɡer/, [ˈti.ɣer]

Noun[edit]

tiger m (nominative plural tigras)

  1. tiger

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl
Tiger

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Ancient Greek τίγρις (tígris), from Iranian (compare Avestan 𐬙𐬌𐬔𐬭𐬌(tigri, arrow), 𐬙𐬌𐬖𐬭𐬀(tiγra, pointed)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tígər m anim (female equivalent tīgrica)

  1. tiger

Inflection[edit]

Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. tíger
gen. sing. tígra
singular dual plural
nominative tíger tígra tígri
accusative tígra tígra tígre
genitive tígra tígrov tígrov
dative tígru tígroma tígrom
locative tígru tígrih tígrih
instrumental tígrom tígroma tígri

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • tiger”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tiger c

  1. tiger (animal)

Declension[edit]

Declension of tiger 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tiger tigern tigrar tigrarna
Genitive tigers tigerns tigrars tigrarnas

Verb[edit]

tiger

  1. present tense of tiga.

West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

tiger c (plural tigers, diminutive tigerke)

  1. tiger

Further reading[edit]

  • tiger”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011