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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wy(H)āgʰrás. Cognate with Persian ببر (babr) and related to Old Armenian վագր (vagr) and Old Georgian ვიგრი (vigri) (both loanwords from Iranian).


व्याघ्र (vyāghrám

  1. a tiger (not in RV., but in AV., often mentioned with the lion; according to R. III, 30, 26, शार्दूली (śārdūlī) is the mythical mother of tigers; but in वह्निपुराण (vahni-purāṇa) they are said to be the offspring of कश्यप (kaśyapa)'s wife दंष्ट्रा (daṃṣṭrā); compare चित्रव्याघ्र (citra-vyāghra)) (AV. etc.)
  2. any pre-eminently strong or noble person, "a tiger among men" (compare ऋषभ (ṛṣabha), सिंह (siṃha))
  3. Millettia pinnata (L.)
  4. a red variety of the castor-oil plant (L.)
  5. name of a rākṣasa (VP.)
  6. name of a king (Rājat.)
  7. name of various authors (also abridged from व्याघ्रपद् (vyāghra-pad)) (Cat.)


Masculine a-stem declension of व्याघ्र
Nom. sg. व्याघ्रः (vyāghraḥ)
Gen. sg. व्याघ्रस्य (vyāghrasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative व्याघ्रः (vyāghraḥ) व्याघ्रौ (vyāghrau) व्याघ्राः (vyāghrāḥ)
Vocative व्याघ्र (vyāghra) व्याघ्रौ (vyāghrau) व्याघ्राः (vyāghrāḥ)
Accusative व्याघ्रम् (vyāghram) व्याघ्रौ (vyāghrau) व्याघ्रान् (vyāghrān)
Instrumental व्याघ्रेण (vyāghreṇa) व्याघ्राभ्याम् (vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रैः (vyāghraiḥ)
Dative व्याघ्राय (vyāghrāya) व्याघ्राभ्याम् (vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रेभ्यः (vyāghrebhyaḥ)
Ablative व्याघ्रात् (vyāghrāt) व्याघ्राभ्याम् (vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रेभ्यः (vyāghrebhyaḥ)
Genitive व्याघ्रस्य (vyāghrasya) व्याघ्रयोः (vyāghrayoḥ) व्याघ्राणाम् (vyāghrāṇām)
Locative व्याघ्रे (vyāghre) व्याघ्रयोः (vyāghrayoḥ) व्याघ्रेषु (vyāghreṣu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1036