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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *wy(H)āgʰras. Cognate with Persian ببر ‎(babr) and related to Old Armenian վագր ‎(vagr) and Old Georgian ვიგრი ‎(vigri) (both loanwords from Iranian).


व्याघ्र ‎(vyāghrám

  1. a tiger (not in RV., but in AV., often mentioned with the lion; according to R. III, 30, 26, शार्दूली ‎(śārdūlī) is the mythical mother of tigers; but in वह्निपुराण ‎(vahni-purāṇa) they are said to be the offspring of कश्यप ‎(kaśyapa)'s wife दंष्ट्रा ‎(daṃṣṭrā); compare चित्रव्याघ्र ‎(citra-vyāghra)) (AV. etc.)
  2. any pre-eminently strong or noble person, "a tiger among men" (compare ऋषभ ‎(ṛṣabha), सिंह ‎(siṃha))
  3. Millettia pinnata (L.)
  4. a red variety of the castor-oil plant (L.)
  5. name of a rākṣasa (VP.)
  6. name of a king (Rājat.)
  7. name of various authors (also abridged from व्याघ्रपद् ‎(vyāghra-pad)) (Cat.)


Masculine a-stem declension of व्याघ्र
Nom. sg. व्याघ्रः ‎(vyāghraḥ)
Gen. sg. व्याघ्रस्य ‎(vyāghrasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative व्याघ्रः ‎(vyāghraḥ) व्याघ्रौ ‎(vyāghrau) व्याघ्राः ‎(vyāghrāḥ)
Vocative व्याघ्र ‎(vyāghra) व्याघ्रौ ‎(vyāghrau) व्याघ्राः ‎(vyāghrāḥ)
Accusative व्याघ्रम् ‎(vyāghram) व्याघ्रौ ‎(vyāghrau) व्याघ्रान् ‎(vyāghrān)
Instrumental व्याघ्रेण ‎(vyāghreṇa) व्याघ्राभ्याम् ‎(vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रैः ‎(vyāghraiḥ)
Dative व्याघ्राय ‎(vyāghrāya) व्याघ्राभ्याम् ‎(vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रेभ्यः ‎(vyāghrebhyaḥ)
Ablative व्याघ्रात् ‎(vyāghrāt) व्याघ्राभ्याम् ‎(vyāghrābhyām) व्याघ्रेभ्यः ‎(vyāghrebhyaḥ)
Genitive व्याघ्रस्य ‎(vyāghrasya) व्याघ्रयोः ‎(vyāghrayoḥ) व्याघ्राणाम् ‎(vyāghrāṇām)
Locative व्याघ्रे ‎(vyāghre) व्याघ्रयोः ‎(vyāghrayoḥ) व्याघ्रेषु ‎(vyāghreṣu)



  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1036