bek

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: bèk, bėk, bek., бек, and век

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian бек (bek).

Noun[edit]

bek (plural beks)

  1. Alternative form of bey (Turkish governor)

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bek, from Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek (plural bekke, diminutive bekkie)

  1. beak
  2. mouth of an animal
  3. (derogatory) mouth of a human

Bahnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bahnaric *biak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bek

  1. fat

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. bleat
    • 1902, Josef K. Šlejhar, Temno[1], J. Otto, page 210:
      V tu dobu zase žalný bekot telátka přerývavě zazněl z chléva. Nejistý, bázlivý byl to bek […]
      Sad bleating was heard disjointedly from the barn in that time. It was uncertain, timid bleating […]
  2. cry
    • 1900, Holeček, Josef, Květy[2], volume 45:
      Frantík tentokrát nedal se pro sklamání do beku.
      This time Frantík didn't start crying because of his disappointment.
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bek

  1. (onomatopoeia) The characteristic bark of a roe deer.
    • 2015, Karel Čapek, Hordubal[3], KKnihy.cz, →ISBN, page 37:
      Bek, bek, povídá, zadupe kopýtky a kluše dál.
      "Bark, bark", she says, stamps with her little hooves and keeps trotting.

Etymology 2[edit]

From back, which was borrowed from English back. See also bachyně.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m

  1. (animate, colloquial, sports) back [20th c.]
    • 1996, Bohumil Hrabal, Ze zápisníku zapisovatele[4], Praha: Pražská imaginace, →ISBN, page 251:
      Vojta Bradáč dvěma góly vyrovnal a pak zdánlivě kulhající Puč najednou nekulhal, obešel halvy, pak po něm vystartoval bek Černý, ale Puč dělovkou překonal brankáře Tichého a já jsem odcházel z hřiště smutný…
      Vojta Bradáč equalized with two goals and then seemingly limping Puč suddenly wasn't limping, got through the half-backs, then back Černý started off against him, but Puč defeated goalkeeper Tichý with a hard shot and I was leaving the pitch sad…
  2. (inanimate, colloquial, sports) defense (portion of a team dedicated to defending) [20th c.]
    • 1999, Vlasta Chramostová, Vlasta Chramostová[5], Brno: Doplněk, →ISBN, page 176:
      Standíkovi bylo třináct čtrnáct a hrál na beku.
      Standík was thirteen or fourteen and played in the defense.
Declension[edit]

animate

inanimate

Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "bek" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 80.

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bek
  • Rhymes: -ɛk

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec.

Noun[edit]

bek m (plural bekken, diminutive bekje n)

  1. a bird's beak
    De raaf had een stuk kaas in zijn bek.
    The raven held a piece of cheese in its beak.
    Synonym: snavel
  2. any animal's mouth (such as a snout)
  3. (informal, rude) a human mouth
    Hou je bek!
    Shut your trap!
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bek

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bek

  1. first-person singular present indicative of bekken
  2. imperative of bekken

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛk]
  • Hyphenation: bèk

Etymology 1[edit]

From English back, from Middle English bak, from Old English bæc, from Proto-Germanic *baką, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogo (literally bending).

Noun[edit]

bèk (plural, first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (sports, soccer) back, in some team sports, a position behind most players on the team.

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, probably from Dutch bek (mouth (rude)), from Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec.

Noun[edit]

bèk (plural, first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (obsolete) chief of a village.

Further reading[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English back.

Adjective[edit]

bek

  1. back, again

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. back

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. bleat (cry of a sheep or goat)
  2. (colloquial) wail
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. (informal) verbal noun of bekać

Etymology 3[edit]

From English back.

Noun[edit]

bek m pers

  1. (dated, sports) defender
    Synonym: obrońca
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Romanian bec.

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. (Bukovina) lightbulb
    Synonym: żarówka

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. genitive plural of beka

Further reading[edit]

  • bek in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bag.

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. bag

Etymology 2[edit]

From English back.

Adverb[edit]

bek

  1. back
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 3:19:
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bik, from Latin pix.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɪːk/, /bek/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

bek n

  1. pitch; A dark, extremely viscous material remaining in still after distilling crude oil and tar.

Related terms[edit]