bek

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See also: bèk, bėk, bek., бек, and век

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Russian бек (bek). Doublet of bey and beg.

Noun[edit]

bek (plural beks)

  1. Alternative form of bey (Turkish governor)

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bek, from Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec, from Vulgar Latin beccus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɛk/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

bek (plural bekke, diminutive bekkie)

  1. beak
  2. mouth of an animal
  3. (derogatory) mouth of a human

Bahnar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bek

  1. fat

Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bek

  1. Romanization of ᬩᭂᬓ᭄

Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. ergative indefinite of be

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. bleat
    Synonyms: bekot, bečení
    • 1902, Josef K. Šlejhar, Temno[1], J. Otto, page 210:
      V tu dobu zase žalný bekot telátka přerývavě zazněl z chléva. Nejistý, bázlivý byl to bek […]
      Sad bleating was heard disjointedly from the barn in that time. It was uncertain, timid bleating […]
  2. cry
    Synonyms: pláč, brek, brekot, brečení
    • 1900, Josef Holeček, Květy[2], volume 45:
      Frantík tentokrát nedal se pro sklamání do beku.
      This time Frantík didn't start crying because of his disappointment.
Declension[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bek

  1. (onomatopoeia) the characteristic bark of a roe deer
    • 2015, Karel Čapek, Hordubal[3], KKnihy.cz, →ISBN, page 37:
      Bek, bek, povídá, zadupe kopýtky a kluše dál.
      "Bark, bark", she says, stamps with her little hooves and keeps trotting.

Etymology 2[edit]

From back, which was borrowed from English back. See also bachyně.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m anim

  1. (colloquial, sports) back [20th c.]
    Synonyms: obránce, zadák
    Antonyms: útočník, forward
    • 1996, Bohumil Hrabal, Ze zápisníku zapisovatele[4], Praha: Pražská imaginace, →ISBN, page 251:
      Vojta Bradáč dvěma góly vyrovnal a pak zdánlivě kulhající Puč najednou nekulhal, obešel halvy, pak po něm vystartoval bek Černý, ale Puč dělovkou překonal brankáře Tichého a já jsem odcházel z hřiště smutný…
      Vojta Bradáč equalized with two goals and then seemingly limping Puč suddenly wasn't limping, got through the half-backs, then back Černý started off against him, but Puč defeated goalkeeper Tichý with a hard shot and I was leaving the pitch sad…
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. (inanimate, colloquial, sports) defense (portion of a team dedicated to defending) [20th c.]
    Synonyms: obrana, defenziva, defenzíva
    Antonyms: útok, ofenziva, ofenzíva
    • 1999, Vlasta Chramostová, Vlasta Chramostová[5], Brno: Doplněk, →ISBN, page 176:
      Standíkovi bylo třináct čtrnáct a hrál na beku.
      Standík was thirteen or fourteen and played in the defense.
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rejzek, Jiří (2015), “bek”, in Český etymologický slovník [Czech Etymological Dictionary] (in Czech), 3rd (revised and expanded) edition, Praha: LEDA, →ISBN, page 80

Further reading[edit]

  • bek in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bek in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • bek in Internetová jazyková příručka

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bec, from Old French bec, from Latin beccus.

Noun[edit]

bek m (plural bekken, diminutive bekje n)

  1. a bird's beak
    Synonym: snavel
    De raaf had een stuk kaas in zijn bek.
    The raven held a piece of cheese in its beak.
  2. any animal's mouth (such as a snout)
  3. (informal, rude) a human mouth
    Hou je bek!
    Shut your trap!
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bek
  • Negerhollands: biek
  • Petjo: bek
  • Antillean Creole: béc aou (Martinique)
  • Papiamentu: bek (dated)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bek

  1. inflection of bekken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɛk]
  • Hyphenation: bèk

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch back, from English back, from Middle English bak, from Old English bæc, from Proto-Germanic *baką, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogo (literally bending).

Noun[edit]

bèk (first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (sports, soccer) back, in some team sports, a position behind most players on the team.

Etymology 2[edit]

Unknown, probably from Dutch beg, from Ottoman Turkish بك (beg), from Old Turkic 𐰋𐰏 (b²g /⁠bég⁠/, chief, titled man).

Noun[edit]

bèk (first-person possessive bekku, second-person possessive bekmu, third-person possessive beknya)

  1. (obsolete) chief of a village.

Further reading[edit]

Karaim[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bek.

Adjective[edit]

bek

  1. strong, firm, solid

References[edit]

  • N. A. Baskakov, S.M. Šapšala, editor (1973), “bek”, in Karaimsko-Russko-Polʹskij Slovarʹ [Karaim-Russian-Polish Dictionary], Moscow: Moskva, →ISBN

Nandi[edit]

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. water

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English back.

Adjective[edit]

bek

  1. back, again

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. back

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. bleat (cry of a sheep or goat)
  2. (colloquial) wail
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
adjective
interjection
nouns
verbs

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English back.

Noun[edit]

bek m pers

  1. (dated, sports) defender
    Synonym: obrońca
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Romanian bec.

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. (Bukovina) light bulb
    Synonym: żarówka
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Deverbal from bekać.

Noun[edit]

bek m inan

  1. (colloquial) belch, burp
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

bek f

  1. genitive plural of beka

Further reading[edit]

  • bek in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bek in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Semai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *bək ~ *buk ~ *buək (to bind (round)). Cognate with Mon ဗိုက် (pàk, to put round), Vietnamese buộc (to bind), Central Nicobarese [Nancowry] pôk-hata/pôko (to bind, tie).

Verb[edit]

bek[1]

  1. to bind; to tie

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Basrim bin Ngah Aching (2008) Kamus Engròq Semay – Engròq Malaysia, Kamus Bahasa Semai – Bahasa Malaysia, Bangi: Institut Alam dan Tamadun Melayu, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Tok Pisin[edit]

This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bag.

Noun[edit]

bek

  1. bag

Etymology 2[edit]

From English back.

Adverb[edit]

bek

  1. back
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 3:19:
      Na bai yu wok hat tru long kisim kaikai bilong yu na tuhat bai i kamap long pes bilong yu. Na bai yu hatwok oltaim inap yu dai na yu go bek long graun. Long wanem, mi bin wokim yu long graun, na bai yu go bek gen long graun.”
      →New International Version translation

Uzbek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *bēg.[1]

Noun[edit]

bek (plural beklar)

  1. (historical) a title of local officials, beg

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clauson, Gerard (1972), “be:g”, in An Etymological Dictionary of pre-thirteenth-century Turkish, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 322