bak

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Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

bak

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Bashkir.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bak (not comparable)

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of back.

Etymology 2[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

bak (plural baks)

  1. A wooden clapper used in Korean courts and rituals

Anagrams[edit]

Acehnese[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. trunk (of a tree)

References[edit]

Afrikaans[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Dutch bak, from French bac.

Noun[edit]

bak (plural bakke, diminutive bakkie)

  1. covered bowl, basin
  2. tub, vat
  3. boot (UK), trunk (US) of a car

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch bakken, from Middle Dutch backen.

Verb[edit]

bak (present bak, present participle bakkende, past participle gebak)

  1. to bake
  2. to fry

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either a variant of bark, or from Proto-Albanian *bauka, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰōw (to blow, swell), close to Proto-Germanic *būkaz (belly, body), Dutch buik (belly), German Bauch (belly, stomach), Swedish buk (belly, abdomen).

Noun[edit]

bak m (plural baqe, definite baku, definite plural baqet)

  1. belly, stomach

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɑk/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bak
  • Rhymes: -ɑk

Etymology 1[edit]

From French bac.

Noun[edit]

bak m (plural bakken, diminutive bakje n)

  1. container, such as a box, a crate, a tray or a tub
    Synonym: krat
  2. (informal, usually in the plural) a large amount, lots
    Het regent bakken met water.
    It's raining lots of water.
  3. (Netherlands) drinking vessel, usually a cup or mug
    Synonyms: kop, mok
  4. (informal, Netherlands, Belgium, Bargoens) the slammer, jail, prison
    Synonyms: bajes, gevangenis, lik, nor
  5. (colloquial) a vehicle, a car
    Synonyms: auto, kar, wagen, waggie
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: bak
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: baksi
  • Negerhollands: bak
    • Virgin Islands Creole: bak, baks (archaic)
  • Caribbean Hindustani: báki
  • Caribbean Javanese: bak, bag
  • Indonesian: bak, baki
  • Papiamentu: baki (from the diminutive)
  • Sranan Tongo: baki
    • Caribbean Javanese: baki

Etymology 2[edit]

From versnellingsbak, from etymology 1.

Noun[edit]

bak m (plural bakken, diminutive bakje n)

  1. Short for versnellingsbak.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak m (uncountable)

  1. The act of baking (food).
Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

bak

  1. inflection of bakken:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Dutch *bak, bake, baec (meat from the back of a pig), from Old Dutch *bak (back, rear), from Proto-Germanic *baką. Cognate with English back, Icelandic bak. Etymologically related to bakboord and achterbaks.

Noun[edit]

bak m (plural bakken, diminutive bakje n)

  1. The meat of a pig, pork.
  2. A pig.

Etymology 5[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak m (plural bakken, diminutive bakje n)

  1. A joke, crack.

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Noun[edit]

bak n (genitive singular baks, plural bøk)

  1. back

Declension[edit]

Declension of bak
n5 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative bak bakið bøk bøkini
accusative bak bakið bøk bøkini
dative baki bakinum bøkum bøkunum
genitive baks baksins baka bakanna

See also[edit]

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Postposition[edit]

bak

  1. (follows locative case -cha) side, position, in the direction of
  2. part, section

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French barque (small boat).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. ferryboat, flat-bottomed boat
  2. tray used by street vendors

References[edit]

  • Targète, Jean and Urciolo, Raphael G. Haitian Creole-English dictionary (1993; →ISBN)

Hungarian[edit]

(1) kecskebak
(2) a bakon ül
(3) asztalosbak

Etymology[edit]

From German Bock (buck).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak (plural bakok)

  1. buck (a male goat, or the male of other small ruminants, such as the chamois or roe)
    • 1981, Gyula Viga, “Az állatok, a tartás technikája”, in Népi kecsketartás Magyarországon[1]:
      Bakot főként a pásztorok tartottak, általában 40-50 jerkére egyet.
      Bucks were mostly kept by herders, usually one for every 40-50 does.
  2. (historical) box seat, box (driver’s seat on a horse-drawn carriage or cart)
    • 1856, Mór Jókai, “A rém”, in A régi jó táblabírák:
      A kocsis mellett a bakon ült az ispán, akinek jó volt ott is.
      The count was sitting next to the coachman on the box, which suited him just fine.
  3. trestle, sawhorse (support, usually made of wooden beams, with a pair of divergent legs at each end)
    • 2007, István Balogh, “Törökkávé”, in Szilveszter Szilveszter[2]:
      Az öreg ladikot fenékkel fölfelé két bakra állítják.
      The old punt is placed bottom up on two trestles.
  4. drawing horse, donkey bench (short bench for art students, with a raised end used to prop up a drawing board)
    • 2010, Katalin Vámosi, “Mazsaroff Miklós életének főbb mozzanatai”, in Mazsaroff Miklós 1929–1997: A természet igézetében[3]:
      A mester teraszán rajzoltunk a nemrégiben beszerzett néhány bakon.
      We used to draw on the master’s terrace on a couple of recently acquired drawing horses.
  5. (in set phrases) boost, leg up (cupping one’s hands so as to form a step for someone who is attempting to climb)
    • 2009, László Béres, “Utca így még nem várt karácsonyt”, in Petőfi Népe[4], volume 64, number 3:
      Ugyan már, bakot tart, én kimászok, leadom a létrát és mindketten kint vagyunk a gödörből.
      Oh come on, you give me a leg up, I climb out, lower the ladder, and we’re both out of the pit.

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bak bakok
accusative bakot bakokat
dative baknak bakoknak
instrumental bakkal bakokkal
causal-final bakért bakokért
translative bakká bakokká
terminative bakig bakokig
essive-formal bakként bakokként
essive-modal
inessive bakban bakokban
superessive bakon bakokon
adessive baknál bakoknál
illative bakba bakokba
sublative bakra bakokra
allative bakhoz bakokhoz
elative bakból bakokból
delative bakról bakokról
ablative baktól bakoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
baké bakoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bakéi bakokéi
Possessive forms of bak
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bakom bakjaim
2nd person sing. bakod bakjaid
3rd person sing. bakja bakjai
1st person plural bakunk bakjaink
2nd person plural bakotok bakjaitok
3rd person plural bakjuk bakjaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words
Expressions

Further reading[edit]

  • bak in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bak in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak n (genitive singular baks, nominative plural bök)

  1. (anatomy) back
  2. back, backside

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bak/
  • Hyphenation: bak

Preposition[edit]

bak

  1. preposition to denote comparison.
    • kedua anak muda itu wajahnya mirip, bak pinang dibelah dua

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch bak (container, vessel).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɑk/
  • Hyphenation: bak

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. container.
  2. water container.

Compounds[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Min Nan (ba̍k, “Chinese ink”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bak/
  • Hyphenation: bak

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. black Chinese ink.

Etymology 4[edit]

Onomatopoeic.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bak/
  • Hyphenation: bak

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. sound of slapping or punching.

Further reading[edit]

Luxembourgish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bak

  1. second-person singular imperative of baken

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old English bæc, from Proto-West Germanic *bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak (plural bakkes)

  1. The back, hind, or rear of a being's body:
    • c. 1300, Havelok, Havelok the Dane
      Summe putten with gleyue in bac and side, And yeuen wundes longe and wide.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)
    1. (figurative) What a person or creature carries or takes with themself/itself.
    2. (rare) The parts of a person which aren't visible to themself.
  2. The back, of something more generally; the non-facing side.
  3. The vertebrae or spine; the bone holding up the back.
  4. (rare) The extremities, margin or boundary of something.
  5. (rare) The fur or hide of an animal (removed from an animal)
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
See also[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From abak.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bak

  1. backward
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

A shortening of Old Swedish nattbakka.

Noun[edit]

bak (plural bakkes)

  1. Alternative form of bakke (bat)

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of bak – see (“to stain”).
(This term, bak, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Adverb[edit]

bak

  1. at the back, behind
    bak fram - back to front
    for langt bak - too far back / behind

Preposition[edit]

bak

  1. behind
    bak kulissene - behind the scenes

Noun[edit]

bak m (definite singular baken, indefinite plural baker, definite plural bakene)
bak n (definite singular baket, indefinite plural bak, definite plural baka or bakene)

  1. (anatomy) behind, bottom, backside
    et spark bak - a kick in / up the backside (etc.)
  2. back, rear, seat (of trousers)
  3. buttocks
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

bak

  1. imperative of bake

References[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bak

  1. at the back, behind
    bak fram - back to front
    for langt bak - too far back / behind

Preposition[edit]

bak

  1. behind
    bak kulissane - behind the scenes

Noun[edit]

bak m (definite singular baken, indefinite plural bakar, definite plural bakane)
bak n (definite singular baket, indefinite plural bak, definite plural baka)

  1. (anatomy) behind, bottom, backside
    eit spark bak - a kick in / up the backside (etc.)
  2. back, rear, seat (of trousers)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Old Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Deverbal from bakać. First attested in 1449.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /baːk/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /bɒk/

Noun[edit]

bak m ?

  1. shout, yell
    Synonym: bakliwość

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

noun
verbs

References[edit]

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak n

  1. back (body part)
  2. back (rear part of something)

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

Phalura[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bak (Perso-Arabic spellingبک⁩)

  1. Co-lexicalized intensifier

References[edit]

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[5], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Russian бак (bak), from Dutch bak or German Back or English back.

Noun[edit]

bak m inan

  1. tank (fuel reservoir of a vehicle)
    Hypernym: zbiornik
  2. tank (tankful)
Declension[edit]

tankful:

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from German Backenbart.

Noun[edit]

bak m inan (diminutive baczek)

  1. sideburn
    Synonyms: baczek, bokobrody, faworyt
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

bak f

  1. genitive plural of baka

Further reading[edit]

Sahu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch bak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. a water-basin

References[edit]

  • Leontine Visser, Clemens Voorhoeve (1987) Sahu-Indonesian-English Dictionary, Brill

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Swedish baker, from Old Norse bak, from Proto-Germanic *baką. Related to English back.

Adverb[edit]

bak (not comparable)

  1. behind, at the back
Antonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bak

  1. (dated) behind, 'hind
    när månen döljer sig bak vinrankan
    when the moon hides 'hind the grape vine

Noun[edit]

bak c

  1. behind, ass, butt
Declension[edit]
Declension of bak 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bak baken bakar bakarna
Genitive baks bakens bakars bakarnas

Noun[edit]

bak n

  1. baking
    Inget doftar som mors bak.
    Nothing smells like mom's baking.
Declension[edit]
Declension of bak 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bak baket bak baken
Genitive baks bakets baks bakens

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Turkish bak.

Verb[edit]

bak (present bak, preterite bak, supine bak, imperative bak)

  1. (slang) Alternative form of bakk

References[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bak

  1. second-person singular imperative of bakmak

Descendants[edit]

Tzeltal[edit]

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. bone

Tzotzil[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Zinacantán) IPA(key): /ɓäkʰ/

Noun[edit]

bak

  1. bone

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Yola[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bak.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

bak

  1. back
    • 1927, “PAUDEEN FOUGHLAAN'S WEDDEEN”, in THE ANCIENT DIALECT OF THE BARONIES OF FORTH AND BARGY, COUNTY WEXFORD, page 133, line 19:
      A pipere vel bak lik own in a smote,
      The piper fell back like one well smitten,

References[edit]

  • Kathleen A. Browne (1927) The Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland Sixth Series, Vol.17 No.2, Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, page 133

Zhuang[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Tai *paːkᴰ (mouth). Cognate with Thai ปาก (bpàak), Northern Thai ᨸᩣ᩠ᨠ, Lao ປາກ (pāk), Shan ပၢၵ်ႇ (pàak), Ahom 𑜆𑜀𑜫 (pak), Saek ป̄าก. Compare Southern Kam bags (mouth), Proto-Be *ɓaːkᴰ¹ (mouth) (whence ɓak⁷ in modern lects). Compare also Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *baqbaq (whence Cebuano baba, Eastern Cham ꨚꨝꩍ (pabah), Hawaiian vaha).

Noun[edit]

bak (Sawndip forms or or or 𫩡 or or or 𠺣 or , 1957–1982 spelling bak)

  1. mouth
  2. entrance; opening
  3. account of or response to a particular issue
  4. cutting edge of a tool
  5. stitch; distance between stitches

Etymology 2[edit]

From Chinese (MC paek).

Numeral[edit]

bak (1957–1982 spelling bak)

  1. hundred