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See also: bock, bȯck, and воск


Proper noun[edit]

Bock (plural Bocks)

  1. A surname.
  2. A city in Minnesota.



  • IPA(key): [bɔk]
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle High German boc, poc, from Old High German boc, from Proto-West Germanic *bukk. Cognate to English buck, Dutch bok, Norwegian bukk, Swedish bock, Danish buk.[1]


Bock m (strong, genitive Bockes or Bocks, plural Böcke, diminutive Böckchen n or Böcklein n)

  1. buck, ram; the male of certain animals, especially goat, sheep, and roedeer
    Hyponyms: Ziegenbock / Geißbock, Schafbock, Rehbock
  2. (also sturer Bock) a stubborn person
    Synonyms: Sturbock, Sturkopf
  3. (also geiler Bock) a man who is lecherous or sexually active
    geil wie ein Bockhorny as a buck
  4. (informal) a blunder, mistake
  5. (vehicles) a seat for a coachman
  6. (gymnastics) an apparatus for performing jumps, similar to a vaulting horse but shorter.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From a southern German alteration of Einbeck, a brewery town in Lower Saxony, where the beer originally hails from. The Low German placename suffix -beck (-brook) was reinterpreted in southern dialects as the plural of Bock (etymology 1 above). Compare a fuller form still in Bavarian Oambock, Ambock.


Bock n (strong, genitive Bocks, plural Bock)

  1. bock beer
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Since the second half of the 20th century and originally belonging to the Rotwelsch cant. Borrowed from Romani bokh (hunger), from Sanskrit बुभुक्षा (bubhukṣā). Reinforced and perhaps semantically influenced by Bock (etymology 1) in its sexual sense.[1]


Bock m (strong, genitive Bock, plural Böcke)

  1. (Rotwelsch) hunger
  2. (colloquial) desire, interest to do something; construed with haben, kriegen, or machen + auf
    Synonym: Lust
    • 2013, Marteria, "Kids (2 Finger an den Kopf)".
      Keiner hat mehr Bock auf Kiffen, Saufen, Feiern.
      Nobody feels like blazing, boozing, partying anymore.
    • 1992, Erwin Leibfried, Die Forderung des Tages: ziemlich unsortierte Notizen zum Entwurf einer Denkschrift über angewandte Geisteswissenschaften[1], Litblockin-Verlag:
      »Warum geht die Ziege nicht zum Tanzen? Weil sie keinen Bock hat!«
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    Hast du Bock?Do you feel like it?
    Ich kriege langsam Bock auf Tanzen.I’m starting to feel like dancing.
    Das macht Bock auf mehr.This makes you want more.
  3. (colloquial) fun, pleasure; construed with machen without auf
    Synonym: Spaß
    Macht’s Bock?Is it fun?
Usage notes[edit]
  • The plural is rare but is sometimes used in a jocularly fashion with no change in meaning: Hast du Böcke?


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wolfgang Pfeifer, editor (1993), “Bock”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen (in German), 2nd edition, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • Bock” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache



From Middle High German buc, from Old High German buc, alternative form of boc (which would have yielded Luxembourgish *Back), from Proto-West Germanic *bukk, from Proto-Germanic *bukkaz.



Bock m (plural Béck)

  1. buck
  2. trestle, support
  3. box (driver's seat on a coach)