active

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See also: activé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English actif, from Old French actif, from Latin activus, from agere (to do, to act); see act.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈæk.tɪv/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æktɪv

Adjective[edit]

active (comparative more active, superlative most active)

  1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change; communicating action or motion; acting;—opposed to passive, that receives.
    certain active principles
    the active powers of the mind
    Synonym: acting
    Antonym: passive
  2. Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body; nimble.
    an active child or animal
    Synonyms: agile, nimble
    Antonyms: passive, indolent, still
  3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force
    active laws
    active hostilities
    Synonyms: in action, working, in force
    Antonyms: quiescent, dormant, extinct
    1. (specifically, of a volcano) Being an active volcano. Compare extinct and dormant
  4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic; diligent; busy
    an active man of business
    active mind
    active zeal
    Antonyms: dull, sluggish, indolent, inert
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314, page 0108:
      This new-comer was a man who in any company would have seemed striking. [] He was smooth-faced, and his fresh skin and well-developed figure bespoke the man in good physical condition through active exercise, yet well content with the world's apportionment.
    Synonyms: busy, deedful, diligent, energetic
  5. Requiring or implying action or exertion
    active employment or service
    active scenes
    Synonym: operative
    Antonyms: passive, tranquil, sedentary
  6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical; operative
    an active rather than a speculative statesman
    Antonyms: theoretical, speculative
  7. Brisk; lively.
    an active demand for corn
  8. Implying or producing rapid action.
    an active disease
    an active remedy
    Antonyms: passive, slow
  9. (heading, grammar) About verbs.
    1. Applied to a form of the verb; — opposed to passive. See active voice.
    2. Applied to verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects something else; transitive.
    3. Applied to all verbs that express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
  10. (computing, of source code) Eligible to be processed by a compiler or interpreter.
    • 2006 December 24, David Williams, “satellite program”, in comp.lang.basic.visual.misc, Usenet[1]:
      I think it should be upgraded to Visual BASIC, but I'm no good at that. So maybe someone here would like to take a crack at it. There are only 40 lines of active code, plus a few REMs. About 100 BASIC commands altogether.
    • 2012, Chris Grover, “Triggering Actions”, in Adobe Edge Preview 5: The Missing Manual, 3rd edition, Sebastopol: O'Reilly Media, →ISBN, page 98:
      Edge uses green text for comments. This makes it easier for you to quickly differentiate between active code and comments.
  11. (electronics) Not passive.
  12. (gay sexual slang) (of a homosexual man) enjoying a role in anal sex in which he penetrates, rather than being penetrated by his partner.
    Synonym: top
    Antonyms: passive, bottom

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

active (plural actives)

  1. A person or thing that is acting or capable of acting.
  2. (electronics) Any component that is not passive. See Passivity (engineering).
    • 2013, David Manners, Hitchhikers' Guide to Electronics in the '90s (page 36)
      Components are split into two broad segments: actives and passives. Active components like the vacuum tube and the transistor contain the power to generate and alter electrical signals.

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Verb[edit]

active

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of activar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of activar

French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

active

  1. feminine singular of actif

Verb[edit]

active

  1. first-person singular present indicative of activer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of activer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of activer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of activer
  5. second-person singular imperative of activer

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin āctīvē.

Adverb[edit]

active

  1. (grammar, obsolete) actively

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

active

  1. inflection of activ:
    1. strong/mixed nominative/accusative feminine singular
    2. strong nominative/accusative plural
    3. weak nominative all-gender singular
    4. weak accusative feminine/neuter singular

Interlingua[edit]

Adjective[edit]

active (not comparable)

  1. active

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adverb[edit]

āctīvē (comparative āctīvius, superlative āctīvissimē)

  1. (grammar) actively

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

āctīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of āctīvus

References[edit]

  • active in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • active in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to put the finishing touch to a work: extrema manus accēdit operi (active extremam manum imponere operi)
    • (ambiguous) to be some one's favourite: in amore et deliciis esse alicui (active in deliciis habere aliquem)

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

active

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of activar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of activar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of activar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of activar

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

active

  1. nominative feminine plural of activ
  2. accusative feminine plural of activ
  3. nominative neuter plural of activ
  4. accusative neuter plural of activ

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

active

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of activar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of activar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of activar.