penetrate

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See also: penetrãte

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin penētrātus, past participle of penētrō (to put, set, or place within, enter, pierce, penetrate), from penes (within, with) by analogy to intrō (to go in, enter).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛnɪtɹeɪt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: pen‧e‧trate

Verb[edit]

penetrate (third-person singular simple present penetrates, present participle penetrating, simple past and past participle penetrated)

  1. To enter into; to make way into the interior of; to pierce.
    Light penetrates darkness.
    • 1879, Th Du Moncel, The Telephone, the Microphone and the Phonograph, Harper, page 166:
      He takes the prepared charcoal used by artists, brings it to a white heat, and suddenly plunges it in a bath of mercury, of which the globules instantly penetrate the pores of charcoal, and may be said to metallize it.
  2. (figuratively) To achieve understanding of, despite some obstacle; to comprehend; to understand.
    I could not penetrate Burke's opaque rhetoric.
    • 1691, John Ray, The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of the Creation. [], London: [] Samuel Smith, [], OCLC 1179804186:
      things which here were [] too subtile for us to penetrate
  3. To affect profoundly through the senses or feelings; to move deeply.
    to penetrate one's heart with pity
  4. To infiltrate an enemy to gather intelligence.
  5. To insert the penis into an opening, such as a vagina, mouth or anus.
    a male elephant comes up and penetrates the female
  6. (chess) To move a piece past the defending pieces of one's opponent.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

penetrate

  1. present adverbial passive participle of penetri

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

penetrate

  1. inflection of penetrare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 2[edit]

Participle[edit]

penetrate f pl

  1. feminine plural of penetrato

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

penetrāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of penetrō