past

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: pást and päsť

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, past participle of passen (to pass, to go by), whence Modern English pass.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

past (plural pasts)

  1. The period of time that has already happened, in contrast to the present and the future.
    a book about a time machine that can transport people back into the past
  2. (grammar) The past tense.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

past (comparative more past, superlative most past)

  1. Having already happened; in the past; finished. [from 14th c.]
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 7, in The China Governess[1]:
      The highway to the East Coast which ran through the borough of Ebbfield had always been a main road and even now, despite the vast garages, the pylons and the gaily painted factory glasshouses which had sprung up beside it, there still remained an occasional trace of past cultures.
    past glories
  2. (postmodifier) Following expressions of time to indicate how long ago something happened; ago. [from 15th c.]
    • 1999, George RR Martin, A Clash of Kings, Bantam 2011, page 538:
      That had been, what, three years past?
    • 2009, John Sadler, Glencoe, Amberley 2009, page 20:
      Some four decades past, as a boy, I had a chance encounter and conversation with the late W.A. Poucher [...].
  3. Of a period of time: having just gone by; previous. [from 15th c.]
    • 2012 April 23, Angelique Chrisafis, “François Hollande on top but far right scores record result in French election”, in The Guardian[2]:
      Sarkozy's total will be seen as a personal failure. It is the first time an outgoing president has failed to win a first-round vote in the past 50 years and makes it harder for Sarkozy to regain momentum.
    during the past year
  4. (grammar) Of a tense, expressing action that has already happened or a previously-existing state. [from 18th c.]
    past tense

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adverb[edit]

past (comparative more past, superlative most past)

  1. In a direction that passes.
    Synonym: by
    I watched him walk past
  2. (Should we move, merge or split(+) this sense?) Passing by, especially without stopping or being delayed.
    Ignore them, we'll play past them.
    Please don't drive past the fruit stand, I want to stop there.

Translations[edit]

Preposition[edit]

past

  1. Beyond in place, quantity or time.
    the room past mine
    count past twenty
    past midnight
    • 2012 April 22, Sam Sheringham, “Liverpool 0-1 West Brom”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      But they were stunned when Glen Johnson's error let in Peter Odemwingie to fire past Pepe Reina on 75 minutes.
  2. No longer capable of.
    I'm past caring what he thinks of me.
  3. Having recovered or moved on from (a traumatic experience, etc.).

Usage notes[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

past

  1. (obsolete) simple past tense and past participle of pass
    • (Can we date this quote by Vicars and provide title, author's full name, and other details?), Virgil
      Great Tuscane dames, as she their towns past by, / Wisht her their daughter-in-law, but frustrately.

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

past f

  1. trap (a device designed to catch and sometimes kill animals)
    past na myšimousetrap

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

past

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of passen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of passen

Anagrams[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French past, from Latin pastus (pasture).

Noun[edit]

past m (plural pasts)

  1. food, meal
    • 1537, Giles du Guez, quoting John Palsgrave (c. 1485–1554), An Introductorie for to lerne to speke Frenche trewly :
      Verité est le past de l'ame.
      Truth is the food of the soul.
    • 1583, Claude Gruget, Diverses leçons :
      Il dit aussi que les choux mangez avant le past gardent d'enyvrer.
      He also says that cabbage, when eaten before a meal, reduces how much one gets drunk.

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin pastus (pasture), probably influenced by paste (dough, pastry).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

past m (oblique singular past)

  1. food, meal
    • ca. 1268, Étienne Boileau (ca. 1210–1270), Livre des métiers :
      Por son abuvrement et por son past.
      For him to drink and for his food.

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle French: past

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

past f

  1. genitive plural of pasta

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pȃst f

  1. trap

Inflection[edit]

Feminine, i-stem, mobile accent
nom. sing. pást
gen. sing. pastí
singular dual plural
nominative pást pastí pastí
accusative pást pastí pastí
genitive pastí pastí pastí
dative pásti pastéma pastém
locative pásti pastéh pastéh
instrumental pastjó pastéma pastmí

Verb[edit]

pȃst

  1. supine of pásti

Further reading[edit]

  • past”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran