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See also: yli-



From Proto-Finnic *üli. Equivalent to ylä- +‎ -i.



  1. yli + number: over
    Auto maksoi yli 200 000 (= kaksisataatuhatta) euroa.
    The car cost over 200,000 euros.




  1. yli + object in genitive form: over (when one goes through the space that is above something):
    Pallo lensi tuolin yli ja ovesta ulos.
    The ball flew over the chair and out of the door.
  2. yli + object in genitive or partitive form: after, past (temporal)
    Kello on vartin yli kuusi.
    It's quarter past/after six.
    Kello on viittä (minuuttia) yli kuusi.
    It's five (minutes) past/after six.

Usage notes[edit]

When using the construction yli to indicate time both genitive and partitive forms are possible. Perhaps the explanation is that the case is actually accusative, which in Finnish has two forms. Genitive-accusative is used with clearly defined objects and partitive with so called partial objects. To demonstrate the difference, leikkaan ruohikon means that I will cut the whole lawn whereas leikkaan ruohikkoa means that I'm cutting the lawn but I have not finished yet or that I'm planning to cut only part of it. If that is the case vartin yli would be a slightly more precise expression than varttia yli. However, it is more likely just a question of personal preference, possibly influenced by the fact that "a quarter to" is always varttia vaille.




See ylä-.

Related terms[edit]



Compare Old Norse il, plural iljar (the sole of the foot.)


  • IPA(key): /ʏlɪ/ (example of pronunciation)
    Rhymes: -ʏlj


yli f (definite singular ylja, definite plural yljen)

  1. Long, narrow piece of wood on the side of wagons at the top and bottom, where the withes are bound; side bar or board in a hay or driving wagon.
  2. The bottom of a seal shoe.

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]