過去

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See also: 过去

Chinese

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to cross; to go over; (experienced action marker)
to cross; to go over; (experienced action marker); to pass; to celebrate; to live; to get along; excessively; too-
 
to go; to leave; to remove
trad. (過去)
simp. (过去)

Etymology

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"the past"
Originally a Buddhist calque of Sanskrit अतीत (atīta, [what has] gone by; bygone; the past, past participle), from अति (ati, over; beyond) + verb root (i, to go).

Pronunciation

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Note: is toneless for verb sense.
Note: 5ku-chiu is employed for the noun sense, and 5ku-chi the verb..

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (29)
Final () (95) (22)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Baxter kwaH khjoH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑH/ /kʰɨʌH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuɑH/ /kʰiɔH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑH/ /kʰiɔH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaH/ /kʰɨə̆H/
Li
Rong
/kuɑH/ /kʰiɔH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑH/ /kʰĭoH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑH/ /kʰi̯woH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guò
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gwo3 heoi3

Noun

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過去

  1. the past
    回顧過去回顾过去  ―  huígù guòqù  ―  to look back (into the past)
    董事局過去幾年出現多次人事變動 [MSC, trad.]
    董事局过去几年出现多次人事变动 [MSC, simp.]
    Dǒngshìjú zài guòqù jǐnián chūxiàn duōcì de rénshì biàndòng. [Pinyin]
    The board of directors has undergone several personnel changes in the past few years.

Synonyms

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Verb

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過去

  1. to go over; to pass by
  2. to have already happened; to be in the past
    過去过去  ―  Rěn rěn jiù guòqù le.  ―  Endure it for a bit and then it'll be gone.
  3. (euphemistic) to die; to pass away

Usage notes

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In the euphemistic sense to die, must be followed by (le).

Synonyms

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  • (to die):

Derived terms

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Japanese

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 5

Grade: 3
on’yomi
 過去 on Japanese Wikipedia

Pronunciation

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Noun

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()() (kakoくわこ (kwako)?

  1. the past (period of time that has already happened)
    • 2003 September 22, Akinobu Uraku, “(だい)61() (いと)しきものの(ため) [Chapter 61: All for Our Loved Ones]”, in (とう)(きょう)アンダーグラウンド [Tokyo Underground], volume 11 (fiction), Square Enix, →ISBN, pages 48–49:
      ()()()()(ちから) ()せてもらいたいものね
      Kako o tachikiru chikara misete moraitai mono ne
      Your willingness to cut ties with the past. Show me.
    • 2007 July 21, “(ろく)()(しゅう)()(じゅう) [Chamberlain of the Six Samurai]”, in GLADIATOR'S ASSAULT(グラディエイターズ・アサルト), Konami:
      (ろく)()(しゅう)(かげ)(ささ)える(なぞ)(おお)(じん)(ぶつ)(いま)はもう(たたか)(こと)はないが、(からだ)(きざ)まれた()(すう)(きず)(あと)(なに)かを(かた)る。その()()()(もの)はいない。
      Rokubushū o kage de sasaeru nazōoki jinbutsu. Ima wa mō tatakau koto wa nai ga, karada ni kizamareta musū no kizuato ga nanika o kataru. Sono kako o shiru mono wa inai.
      An enigmatic character who supports the Six Samurai from the shadows. He no longer engages in battles, but countless scars on his body definitely tell something. No one really knows about that past of his, though.

See also

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References

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  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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過去 (gwageo) (hangeul 과거)

  1. Hanja form? of 과거 (the past).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun

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過去

  1. chữ Hán form of quá khứ (the past).