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U+5D29, 崩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5D29

[U+5D28]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5D2A]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 46, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 山月月 (UBB), four-corner 22227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 315, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8212
  • Dae Jaweon: page 615, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 781, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5D29

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pɯːŋ
*pɯːŋs, *pʰɯːŋ, *bɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋ
*pʰɯːŋʔ, *bɯːŋ, *bɯːŋs
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*bɯːŋ
*pɯŋ
*bɯŋ
*brɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ
*prɯːŋ, *prɯːŋ
*pʰrɯːŋ, *brɯːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pɯːŋ): semantic  (mountain) + phonetic  (OC *bɯːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • png/peng - literary;
  • pang - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1pan - vernacular;
    • 1pen - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pəŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /pəŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /pəŋ²¹/
    Jinan /pəŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /pəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /pəŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /pəŋ²¹/
    Xining /pə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /pəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /pə̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /pɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /poŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /pən⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /pen⁵⁵/
    Kunming /poŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /pən³¹/
    Hefei /pəŋ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /pəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /pəŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /pã⁵³/
    /pəŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /pən⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /poŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /paŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /pʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /pan¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pən³³/
    Xiangtan /pən³³/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /pen⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /pen²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pɐŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /pɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /pɐŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ⁵⁵/
    /paŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔboŋ²³/
    /ʔbaŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (129)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pəŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pəŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pəŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pəŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /pəŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /pəŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pəŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bēng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pong ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.pˁəŋ/
    English collapse (v., of a mountain)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9658
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pɯːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to collapse
    2. to rupture; to burst
    3. (of a monarch) to die
    4. (colloquial) to execute by firing squad; to shoot dead

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 槍斃 (“to execute by firing squad”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 槍斃, 槍決
    Mandarin Beijing 槍斃, ,
    Taiwan 槍斃
    Harbin 槍斃, 槍癟, 槍崩, , ,
    Hailar 槍崩
    Ulanhot 槍崩
    Tongliao 槍崩
    Chifeng 槍斃
    Bayanhot 槍斃
    Jinan 槍斃, ,
    Luoyang 槍斃, 叫炮
    Wanrong 槍斃
    Xi'an 槍斃
    Xining 槍斃
    Xuzhou , ,
    Yinchuan 槍崩, 槍排, ,
    Lanzhou 槍斃, ,
    Ürümqi 槍斃
    Wuhan 槍斃,
    Chengdu 敲沙罐兒, 敲沙罐
    Guiyang 槍斃, 敲沙罐, 毃沙罐, 捱炮眼
    Guilin 槍斃
    Liuzhou 槍斃, 打靶, 打背
    Kunming 辦掉
    Yangzhou ,
    Nanjing 槍斃,
    Cantonese Guangzhou 打靶, 槍斃
    Hong Kong 打靶, 槍斃
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 打靶
    Macau 打靶
    Panyu 打靶
    Huadu (Huashan) 打靶
    Conghua 打靶
    Zengcheng 打靶
    Foshan 打靶
    Nanhai (Shatou) 打靶
    Shunde 打靶
    Sanshui 打靶
    Gaoming (Mingcheng) 打靶
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 辣窿
    Zhuhai (Qianshan) 打靶
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 打靶
    Doumen 打靶
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 打靶
    Xinhui 打靶
    Taishan 打靶
    Kaiping (Chikan) 打靶
    Enping (Niujiang) 打靶
    Heshan (Yayao) 打靶
    Dongguan 打靶, 槍斃
    Bao'an (Shajing) 打靶
    Shaoguan 打靶
    Yunfu 打靶
    Xinyi 槍斃
    Lianjiang 打靶
    Nanning 槍斃
    Wuzhou 槍斃
    Yulin 槍斃
    Hepu 槍斃, 咬草
    Gan Nanchang 槍斃
    Lichuan 槍斃
    Pingxiang 槍斃
    Hakka Meixian 打靶, 槍決, 槍斃
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 打靶
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 打靶
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 打靶
    Zengcheng (Zhengguo) 打靶
    Zhongshan (Wuguishan) 打靶, 槍斃
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 打靶
    Conghua (Lütian) 槍斃
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 槍斃
    Yudu 槍斃, ,
    Ruijin 打靶
    Shicheng 槍斃
    Shangyou 打靶
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 銃殺
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 銃殺
    Dongshi (Dabu) 銃殺
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 銃殺
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 銃殺
    Huizhou Jixi 槍斃
    Jin Taiyuan 槍崩
    Xinzhou 槍崩
    Baochang 槍崩
    Jining 槍斃
    Hohhot 槍崩
    Baotou 槍斃
    Dongsheng 槍崩
    Linhe 槍崩
    Haibowan 槍決
    Min Bei Jian'ou 𢫦炮, 槍斃
    Min Dong Fuzhou 槍斃
    Min Nan Xiamen 拍銃, 銃決, , 銃斃
    Quanzhou 拍銃, , 銃斃
    Jinjiang 拍銃
    Yongchun 拍銃
    Zhangzhou 拍銃, 扢響, 扢穿
    Taipei 銃殺
    Kaohsiung 銃殺
    Singapore 拍銃
    Shantou 槍斃, 拍靶
    Haikou 拍靶
    Leizhou 拍靶
    Zhongshan Min Longdu (Shaxi) 拍靶
    Sanxiang 拍靶
    Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 槍斃
    Guilin (Dahe) 槍斃
    Wu Shanghai 槍斃
    Suzhou 槍斃
    Hangzhou 槍斃
    Wenzhou 槍斃,
    Chongming 槍斃
    Danyang 槍斃
    Jinhua 槍斃
    Xiang Changsha 槍斃
    Loudi 槍斃,
    Quanzhou 槍斃

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. to crumble or disintegrate
    2. to destroy or demolish
    3. to die

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bung) (hangeul , revised bung, McCune–Reischauer pung)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (băng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.