rupture

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French rupture, or its source, Latin ruptūra (a breaking, rupture (of a limb or vein)) and Medieval Latin ruptūra (a road, a field, a form of feudal tenure, a tax, etc.), from the participle stem of rumpere (to break, burst).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rupture (countable and uncountable, plural ruptures)

  1. A burst, split, or break.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Milton
      Hatch from the egg, that soon, / Bursting with kindly rupture, forth disclosed / Their callow young.
  2. A social breach or break, between individuals or groups.
    • (Can we date this quote?) E. Everett
      He knew that policy would disincline Napoleon from a rupture with his family.
  3. (medicine) A break or tear in soft tissue, such as a muscle.
  4. (engineering) A failure mode in which a tough ductile material pulls apart rather than cracking.

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rupture (third-person singular simple present ruptures, present participle rupturing, simple past and past participle ruptured)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To burst, break through, or split, as under pressure.
  2. (botany, intransitive) To dehisce irregularly.

Translations[edit]

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Further reading[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁyp.tyʁ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

rupture f (plural ruptures)

  1. breakup, rupture

Latin[edit]

Participle[edit]

ruptūre

  1. vocative masculine singular of ruptūrus