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From Proto-Italic *rumpō, from Proto-Indo-European *Hrunépti ~ *Hrumpénti (to break), from the root *Hrewp-.



rumpō (present infinitive rumpere, perfect active rūpī, supine ruptum); third conjugation

  1. I break, burst, tear, rend, rupture; break asunder, force open.
  2. (of the body) I break, split, rupture, burst.
  3. (figuratively) I break, interrupt, annul, destroy.


   Conjugation of rumpo (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rumpō rumpis rumpit rumpimus rumpitis rumpunt
imperfect rumpēbam rumpēbās rumpēbat rumpēbāmus rumpēbātis rumpēbant
future rumpam rumpēs rumpet rumpēmus rumpētis rumpent
perfect rūpī rūpistī rūpit rūpimus rūpistis rūpērunt, rūpēre
pluperfect rūperam rūperās rūperat rūperāmus rūperātis rūperant
future perfect rūperō rūperis rūperit rūperimus rūperitis rūperint
passive present rumpor rumperis, rumpere rumpitur rumpimur rumpiminī rumpuntur
imperfect rumpēbar rumpēbāris, rumpēbāre rumpēbātur rumpēbāmur rumpēbāminī rumpēbantur
future rumpar rumpēris, rumpēre rumpētur rumpēmur rumpēminī rumpentur
perfect ruptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect ruptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect ruptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rumpam rumpās rumpat rumpāmus rumpātis rumpant
imperfect rumperem rumperēs rumperet rumperēmus rumperētis rumperent
perfect rūperim rūperīs rūperit rūperimus rūperitis rūperint
pluperfect rūpissem rūpissēs rūpisset rūpissēmus rūpissētis rūpissent
passive present rumpar rumpāris, rumpāre rumpātur rumpāmur rumpāminī rumpantur
imperfect rumperer rumperēris, rumperēre rumperētur rumperēmur rumperēminī rumperentur
perfect ruptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect ruptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present rumpe rumpite
future rumpitō rumpitō rumpitōte rumpuntō
passive present rumpere rumpiminī
future rumpitor rumpitor rumpuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives rumpere rūpisse ruptūrus esse rumpī ruptus esse ruptum īrī
participles rumpēns ruptūrus ruptus rumpendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
rumpere rumpendī rumpendō rumpendum ruptum ruptū

Derived terms[edit]



  • rumpo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rumpo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rumpo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to annul, revoke a will: testamentum irritum facere, rumpere
    • to burst one's chains: vincula rumpere
    • to violate a treaty, terms of alliance: foedus frangere, rumpere, violare