rend

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See also: Rend

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English renden, from Old English rendan(to rend, tear, cut, lacerate, cut down), from Proto-Germanic *hrandijaną(to tear), of uncertain origin. Believed by some to be the causitive of Proto-Germanic *hrindaną(to push), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱret-, *kret-(to hit, beat), in which case would relate it to Old English hrindan(to thrust, push). Cognate with Scots rent(to rend, tear), Old Frisian renda(to tear).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rend ‎(third-person singular simple present rends, present participle rending, simple past and past participle rent or rended)

  1. (transitive) To separate into parts with force or sudden violence; to tear asunder; to split; to burst
    Powder rends a rock in blasting.
    Lightning rends an oak.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 1 scene 2
      If thou more murmur'st, I will rend an oak / And peg thee in his knotty entrails till / Thou hast howl'd away twelve winters.
    • 1970, Alvin Toffler, Future Shock, Bantam Books, pg. 317:
      We are most vulnerable now to the messages of the new subcults, to the claims and counterclaims that rend the air.
  2. (transitive) To part or tear off forcibly; to take away by force.
  3. (intransitive) To be rent or torn; to become parted; to separate; to split.
    Relationships may rend if tempers flare.
    Rending of garments for shiva is a Jewish tradition.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

rend ‎(plural rends)

  1. A violent separation of parts.
    • 2002, John S. Anderson, A Daughter of Light (page xvi)
      She'd been in a couple of minor car accidents herself, and witnessed a few others, and the rend of metal was unforgettable.

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A nasal formation from *redhë, variant of rredhë (compare edhe ~ ende). Cognate to Lithuanian rindà(row, line), Latvian riñda(row, line), Old Church Slavonic rędь(rędĭ, row, line). See radhë.

Noun[edit]

rend m

  1. public order
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *renta from *rena, akin to Gothic rinnan(rinnan) and Old Norse rinna(to run)[1].

Verb[edit]

rend ‎(first-person singular past tense renda, participle rendur)

  1. to run, hurry

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “rend”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, page 386

Danish[edit]

Verb[edit]

rend

  1. imperative of rende

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rend

  1. third-person singular present indicative of rendre

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Slavic language, ultimately from Proto-Slavic *rędъ. Compare Serbo-Croatian red.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈrɛnd]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: rend

Noun[edit]

rend ‎(plural rendek)

  1. order

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative rend rendek
accusative rendet rendeket
dative rendnek rendeknek
instrumental renddel rendekkel
causal-final rendért rendekért
translative renddé rendekké
terminative rendig rendekig
essive-formal rendként rendekként
essive-modal
inessive rendben rendekben
superessive renden rendeken
adessive rendnél rendeknél
illative rendbe rendekbe
sublative rendre rendekre
allative rendhez rendekhez
elative rendből rendekből
delative rendről rendekről
ablative rendtől rendektől
Possessive forms of rend
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. rendem rendjeim
2nd person sing. rended rendjeid
3rd person sing. rendje rendjei
1st person plural rendünk rendjeink
2nd person plural rendetek rendjeitek
3rd person plural rendjük rendjeik

Derived terms[edit]