minuo

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *minwō, from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (small, little), either *mi-néw-ti[1] or *mi-néh₁-ti. Cognate with Sanskrit मीनाति (minā́ti, to lessen, diminish, damage) (also मिनोति (minóti)), Ancient Greek μινύθω (minúthō, to lessen; to disappear), Cornish minow (to reduce), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌽𐍃 (mins, less), Old Church Slavonic мьнйии (mĭnjii, smaller, lesser, younger), Tocharian B maiwe (small, young).[2] Related to minor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

minuō (present infinitive minuere, perfect active minuī, supine minūtum); third conjugation

  1. I make smaller, lessen, diminish
    Synonym: diminuō
    Antonym: augeō

Conjugation[edit]

   Conjugation of minuō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present minuō minuis minuit minuimus minuitis minuunt
imperfect minuēbam minuēbās minuēbat minuēbāmus minuēbātis minuēbant
future minuam minuēs minuet minuēmus minuētis minuent
perfect minuī minuistī minuit minuimus minuistis minuērunt, minuēre
pluperfect minueram minuerās minuerat minuerāmus minuerātis minuerant
future perfect minuerō minueris minuerit minuerimus minueritis minuerint
passive present minuor minueris, minuere minuitur minuimur minuiminī minuuntur
imperfect minuēbar minuēbāris, minuēbāre minuēbātur minuēbāmur minuēbāminī minuēbantur
future minuar minuēris, minuēre minuētur minuēmur minuēminī minuentur
perfect minūtus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect minūtus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect minūtus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present minuam minuās minuat minuāmus minuātis minuant
imperfect minuerem minuerēs minueret minuerēmus minuerētis minuerent
perfect minuerim minuerīs minuerit minuerīmus minuerītis minuerint
pluperfect minuissem minuissēs minuisset minuissēmus minuissētis minuissent
passive present minuar minuāris, minuāre minuātur minuāmur minuāminī minuantur
imperfect minuerer minuerēris, minuerēre minuerētur minuerēmur minuerēminī minuerentur
perfect minūtus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect minūtus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present minue minuite
future minuitō minuitō minuitōte minuuntō
passive present minuere minuiminī
future minuitor minuitor minuuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives minuere minuisse minūtūrum esse minuī minūtum esse minūtum īrī
participles minuēns minūtūrus minūtus minuendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
minuendī minuendō minuendum minuendō minūtum minūtū

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 139
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “minor, -or, -us”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 381–382
  • minuo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • minuo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • minuo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to increase a person's dignity: auctoritatem alicuius amplificare (opp. imminuere, minuere)
    • to weaken, diminish a person's hope: spem alicui or alicuius minuere
    • to retrench: sumptum minuere

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Participle[edit]

minuo (Cyrillic spelling минуо)

  1. masculine singular active past participle of minuti