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See also: cúmulo and cumulò



From Latin cumulus.


cumulo m ‎(plural cumuli)

  1. heap, pile
  2. cumulus (cloud)
  3. mound



  1. first-person singular present indicative of cumulare



From cumulus(a heap) +‎ .



cumulō ‎(present infinitive cumulāre, perfect active cumulāvī, supine cumulātum); first conjugation

  1. I heap, pile up.
  2. I amass, accumulate.
  3. I fill by heaping, overload.
  4. (figuratively) I make complete.


   Conjugation of cumulo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cumulō cumulās cumulat cumulāmus cumulātis cumulant
imperfect cumulābam cumulābās cumulābat cumulābāmus cumulābātis cumulābant
future cumulābō cumulābis cumulābit cumulābimus cumulābitis cumulābunt
perfect cumulāvī cumulāvistī, cumulāsti1 cumulāvit cumulāvimus cumulāvistis, cumulāstis1 cumulāvērunt, cumulāvēre
pluperfect cumulāveram cumulāverās cumulāverat cumulāverāmus cumulāverātis cumulāverant
future perfect cumulāverō cumulāveris cumulāverit cumulāverimus cumulāveritis cumulāverint
passive present cumulor cumulāris, cumulāre cumulātur cumulāmur cumulāminī cumulantur
imperfect cumulābar cumulābāris, cumulābāre cumulābātur cumulābāmur cumulābāminī cumulābantur
future cumulābor cumulāberis, cumulābere cumulābitur cumulābimur cumulābiminī cumulābuntur
perfect cumulātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cumulātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cumulātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cumulem cumulēs cumulet cumulēmus cumulētis cumulent
imperfect cumulārem cumulārēs cumulāret cumulārēmus cumulārētis cumulārent
perfect cumulāverim cumulāverīs cumulāverit cumulāverīmus cumulāverītis cumulāverint
pluperfect cumulāvissem, cumulāssem1 cumulāvissēs, cumulāsses1 cumulāvisset, cumulāsset1 cumulāvissēmus, cumulāssemus1 cumulāvissētis, cumulāssetis1 cumulāvissent, cumulāssent1
passive present cumuler cumulēris, cumulēre cumulētur cumulēmur cumulēminī cumulentur
imperfect cumulārer cumulārēris, cumulārēre cumulārētur cumulārēmur cumulārēminī cumulārentur
perfect cumulātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cumulātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cumulā cumulāte
future cumulātō cumulātō cumulātōte cumulantō
passive present cumulāre cumulāminī
future cumulātor cumulātor cumulantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cumulāre cumulāvisse, cumulāsse1 cumulātūrus esse cumulārī cumulātus esse cumulātum īrī
participles cumulāns cumulātūrus cumulātus cumulandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
cumulāre cumulandī cumulandō cumulandum cumulātum cumulātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • cumulo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cumulo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.cumulo”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • his crowning happiness is produced by a thing; the culminating point of his felicity is..: aliquid felicitatem magno cumulo auget
    • to (richly) recompense a kindness or service: beneficium remunerari or reddere (cumulate)
    • to overwhelm with eulogy: omni laude cumulare aliquem
    • to heap crime on crime: scelus scelere cumulare (Catil. 1. 6. 14)




  1. first-person singular present indicative of cumular