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See also: Gero




  1. Rōmaji transcription of ゲロ



From Proto-Italic *gezō. According to De Vaan,[1] from a post-PIE *h₂ǵ-es-, from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂eǵ- (from which agō).



gerō (present infinitive gerere, perfect active gessī, supine gestum); third conjugation

  1. I carry, bear
  2. I wear (i.e. have on clothing)
  3. I have or possess (of traits)
  4. I carry (on), wage
    Bellum gerere.
    To wage war.
    Bellum gerant alii.
    Let others wage war.


   Conjugation of gero (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gerō geris gerit gerimus geritis gerunt
imperfect gerēbam gerēbās gerēbat gerēbāmus gerēbātis gerēbant
future geram gerēs geret gerēmus gerētis gerent
perfect gessī gessistī gessit gessimus gessistis gessērunt, gessēre
pluperfect gesseram gesserās gesserat gesserāmus gesserātis gesserant
future perfect gesserō gesseris gesserit gesserimus gesseritis gesserint
passive present geror gereris, gerere geritur gerimur geriminī geruntur
imperfect gerēbar gerēbāris, gerēbāre gerēbātur gerēbāmur gerēbāminī gerēbantur
future gerar gerēris, gerēre gerētur gerēmur gerēminī gerentur
perfect gestus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect gestus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect gestus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present geram gerās gerat gerāmus gerātis gerant
imperfect gererem gererēs gereret gererēmus gererētis gererent
perfect gesserim gesserīs gesserit gesserīmus gesserītis gesserint
pluperfect gessissem gessissēs gessisset gessissēmus gessissētis gessissent
passive present gerar gerāris, gerāre gerātur gerāmur gerāminī gerantur
imperfect gererer gererēris, gererēre gererētur gererēmur gererēminī gererentur
perfect gestus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect gestus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present gere gerite
future geritō geritō geritōte geruntō
passive present gerere geriminī
future geritor geritor geruntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives gerere gessisse gestūrus esse gerī gestus esse gestum īrī
participles gerēns gestūrus gestus gerendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
gerere gerendī gerendō gerendum gestum gestū


Derived terms[edit]



  • gero in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gero in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gero in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gero in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to comply with a person's wishes; to humour: alicui morem gerere, obsequi
    • to accomodate oneself to another's wishes: alicuius voluntati morem gerere
    • to be at enmity with a man: inimicitias gerere, habere, exercere cum aliquo
    • to be occupied with business, busy: negotia agere, gerere
    • to give oneself airs: elatius se gerere
    • to display a proud obstinacy: contumacius se gerere
    • after having duly taken the auspices: auspicato (rem gerere, urbem condere)
    • to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • to govern, administer the state: rem publicam gerere, administrare, regere, tractare, gubernare
    • to be neutral: medium se gerere
    • to perform official duties: munus administrare, gerere
    • to be dictator: dictaturam gerere
    • to perform the censors' duties: censuram agere, gerere
    • to perform heroic exploits: magnas res gerere
    • to make war on a person: bellum gerere cum aliquo
    • to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • to fight with swords at close quarters: gladio comminus (opp. eminus) rem gerere
    • to throw down the javelins (pila) and fight with the sword: omissis pilis gladiis rem gerere
    • swords must now decide the day: res gladiis geri coepta est
    • (ambiguous) to gesticulate: gestum (always in the sing.) agere
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill




  1. first-person singular present indicative of gerar




  1. first-person singular imperfect indicative of èser