wage

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Wage, wagę, and wäge

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /weɪd͡ʒ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪdʒ

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English wage, from Anglo-Norman wage, from Old Northern French wage, a northern variant of Old French gauge, guage (whence modern French gage), Medieval Latin wadium, from Frankish *waddī (cognate with Old English wedd), from Proto-Germanic *wadją (pledge), from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- (to pledge, redeem a pledge). Akin to Old Norse veðja (to pledge), Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌳𐌹 (wadi). Compare also the doublet gage. More at wed.

Noun[edit]

wage (plural wages)

  1. An amount of money paid to a worker for a specified quantity of work, usually calculated on an hourly basis and expressed in an amount of money per hour.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English wagen (to pledge), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wagier, a northern variant of Old French guagier (whence modern French gager), itself either from guage or from a derivative of Frankish *waddi, *wadja, possibly through a Vulgar Latin intermediate *wadiare from *wadium.

Verb[edit]

wage (third-person singular simple present wages, present participle waging, simple past and past participle waged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To wager, bet.
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, King Lear
      My life I never held but as a pawn
      To wage against thine enemies
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hakluyt to this entry?)
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To expose oneself to, as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to venture; to hazard.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To employ for wages; to hire.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter xviij, in Le Morte Darthur, book I:
      Thenne said Arthur I wille goo with yow / Nay said the kynges ye shalle not at this tyme / for ye haue moche to doo yet in these landes / therfore we wille departe / and with the grete goodes that we haue goten in these landes by youre yeftes we shalle wage good knyghtes & withstande the kynge Claudas malyce
    • (Can we date this quote?) Raphael Holinshed
      abundance of treasure which he had in store, wherewith he might wage soldiers
  4. (transitive) To conduct or carry out (a war or other contest).
    • 2019 May 5, Danette Chavez, “Campaigns are waged on and off the Game Of Thrones battlefield (newbies)”, in The A.V. Club[1]:
      Setting our sights back on King’s Landing, where the Last War will be waged, makes a lot of sense, even if it does feel a bit anticlimactic after last week’s deadly, blustery maelstrom.
    • 1832, Isaac Taylor, Saturday Evening
      The two are waging war, and the one triumphs by the destruction of the other.
    • 1709, John Dryden, Mac Flecknoe
      pond'ring which of all his Sons was fit
      To Reign, and wage immortal War with Wit
  5. (transitive) To adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out.
  6. (obsolete, law, Britain) To give security for the performance of.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
Usage notes[edit]
  • "Wage" collocates strongly with "war", leading to expressions such as To wage peace, or To wage football implying the inclusion of a large element of conflict in the action.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of wagen

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. First-person singular present of wagen.
  2. First-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  3. Third-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  4. Imperative singular of wagen.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch wāga, from Proto-Germanic *wēgō.

Noun[edit]

wâge f

  1. weight
  2. a certain weight, of which the exact value varied
  3. weighing scale
  4. weighhouse

Inflection[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • waghe (I)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • wage (I)”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929

Middle English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Northern French wage, from Frankish *waddī, from Proto-Germanic *wadją. Doublet of gage and wed.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wage (plural wages)

  1. A wage; earnings.
  2. Money reserved for the payment of salaries.
  3. An earned positive consequence.
  4. A promise, pact, or agreement.
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Northern French wagier.

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. Alternative form of wagen

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse vágr.

Noun[edit]

wage f (oblique plural wages, nominative singular wage, nominative plural wages)

  1. wave (moving part of a liquid, etc.)

Etymology 2[edit]

see gage

Noun[edit]

wage m (oblique plural wages, nominative singular wages, nominative plural wage)

  1. Alternative form of gage