wage

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

PIE root
*wedʰ-

From Anglo-Norman, from Old Northern French wage, a northern variant of Old French gauge, guage (whence modern French gage), itself (possibly through a Vulgar Latin *wadium) from Frankish *waddi (cognate with Old English wedd), from Proto-Germanic *wadją ‎(pledge), from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰ- ‎(to pledge, redeem a pledge). Akin to Old Norse veðja ‎(to pledge), Gothic [script needed] ‎(wadi). Compare also the doublet gage. More at wed. Possible contributory etymology from from Old English wǣge (meaning "weight," as wages at times have been goods or coin measured on a scale).

Noun[edit]

wage ‎(plural wages)

  1. An amount of money paid to a worker for a specified quantity of work, usually expressed on an hourly basis.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English wagen ‎(to pledge), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wagier, a northern variant of Old French guagier (whence modern French gager), itself either from guage or from a derivative of Frankish *waddi, *wadja, possibly through a Vulgar Latin intermediate *wadiare from *wadium.

Verb[edit]

wage ‎(third-person singular simple present wages, present participle waging, simple past and past participle waged)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To wager, bet.
    • William Shakespeare (c.1564–1616)
      My life I never held but as a pawn / To wage against thy enemies.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Hakluyt to this entry?)
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To expose oneself to, as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to venture; to hazard.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To employ for wages; to hire.
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book I, chapter xviij:
      Thenne said Arthur I wille goo with yow / Nay said the kynges ye shalle not at this tyme / for ye haue moche to doo yet in these landes / therfore we wille departe / and with the grete goodes that we haue goten in these landes by youre yeftes we shalle wage good knyghtes & withstande the kynge Claudas malyce
    • Raphael Holinshed (1529-1580)
      abundance of treasure which he had in store, wherewith he might wage soldiers
  4. (transitive) To conduct or carry out (a war or other contest).
    • John Dryden (1631-1700)
      [He pondered] which of all his sons was fit / To reign and wage immortal war with wit.
    • Isaac Taylor (1787–1865)
      The two are waging war, and the one triumphs by the destruction of the other.
  5. (transitive) To adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out.
    • Edmund Spenser (c.1552–1599)
      Thou [] must wage thy works for wealth.
  6. (obsolete, law, UK) To give security for the performance of.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
Usage notes[edit]
  • "Wage" collocates strongly with "war", leading to expressions such as To wage peace, or To wage football implying the inclusion of a large element of conflict in the action.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of wagen

German[edit]

Verb[edit]

wage

  1. First-person singular present of wagen.
  2. First-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  3. Third-person singular subjunctive I of wagen.
  4. Imperative singular of wagen.

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old Norse vágr. More at French vague.

Noun[edit]

wage f ‎(oblique plural wages, nominative singular wage, nominative plural wages)

  1. wave (moving part of a liquid, etc.)

Etymology 2[edit]

see gage

Noun[edit]

wage m ‎(oblique plural wages, nominative singular wages, nominative plural wage)

  1. Alternative form of gage