From Middle English waven, from Old English wafian (“to wave, fluctuate, waver in mind, wonder”), from Proto-West Germanic *wabbjan, from Proto-Germanic *wabōną, *wabjaną (“to wander, sway”), from Proto-Indo-European *webʰ- (“to move to and from, wander”).
- (intransitive) To move back and forth repeatedly and somewhat loosely.
- The flag waved in the gentle breeze.
- 2011 October 1, Tom Fordyce, “Rugby World Cup 2011: England 16-12 Scotland”, in BBC Sport:
- But the World Cup winning veteran's left boot was awry again, the attempt sliced horribly wide of the left upright, and the saltires were waving aloft again a moment later when a long pass in the England midfield was picked off to almost offer up a breakaway try.
- (intransitive) To move one’s hand back and forth (generally above the shoulders) in greeting or departure.
- (transitive, metonymically) To call attention to, or give a direction or command to, by a waving motion, as of the hand; to signify by waving; to beckon; to signal; to indicate.
- c. 1599–1602, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Hamlet, Prince of Denmarke”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv]:
- Look, with what courteous action / It waves you to a more removed ground.
- 1847, Alfred Tennyson, “Part 2”, in The Princess: A Medley, London: Edward Moxon, […], OCLC 2024748:
- She spoke, and bowing waved / Dismissal.
- I waved goodbye from across the room.
- (intransitive) To have an undulating or wavy form.
- (transitive) To raise into inequalities of surface; to give an undulating form or surface to.
- (transitive) To produce waves to the hair.
- 1977, Agatha Christie, chapter 4, in An Autobiography, part II, London: Collins, →ISBN:
- There was also hairdressing: hairdressing, too, really was hairdressing in those times — no running a comb through it and that was that. It was curled, frizzed, waved, put in curlers overnight, waved with hot tongs; […].
- (intransitive, baseball) To swing and miss at a pitch.
- Jones waves at strike one.
- (transitive) To cause to move back and forth repeatedly.
- The starter waved the flag to begin the race.
- (transitive, metonymically) To signal (someone or something) with a waving movement.
- (intransitive, obsolete) To fluctuate; to waver; to be in an unsettled state.
- c. 1608–1609, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene ii]:
- He waved indifferently 'twixt doing them neither good nor harm.
- (intransitive, ergative) To move like a wave, or by floating; to waft.
- 1803, William Hogarth, Anecdotes of Mr. Hogarth: And Explanatory Descriptions of the Plates of Hogarth Restored, page 137:
- But in the last, this dotted line, by the twisting as well as the bending of the horn, is changed from the waving into the serpentine line
- 1850, Pierce Egan, Robin Hood and Little John: or, The merry men of Sherwood forest, page 272:
- the flowers will not bloom less brightly, nor the grass be less green and fresh because it is waving over the head of one who loved to look upon their tender beauty while living.
- 1851, Margaret Plues, Rambles in Search of Ferns, page 31:
- The cypresslike ferns were not waving over these, as they waved over the corals in the wood, but the little spleenwort, called Wall-rue, was resolved that their tomb should not be without verdure.
- 1866, John Saunders, Bound to the Wheel, page 89:
- The moonlight fell into the room, and the shadows waved over him
- 1951, Doris Lessing, “The Second Hut”, in African Stories, published 2014, page 82:
- Walking through the fields, where the maize was now waving over his head, pale gold with a froth of white, the sharp dead leaves scything crisply against the wind, he could see nothing but that black foetid hut
- 1997, Elizabeth Barrett, Victoria Bovard, And His Love Shown Down, page 88:
- A chill waved over my consciousness as my worst nightmare erupted into reality.
- 2015, Arthur Calder-Marshall, About Levy:
- The two stood in the window peering down where parents moved across grass, pointing tongues of colour waving over them.
From Middle English *wave, partially from waven (“to fluctuate, wave”) (see above) and partially from Middle English wawe, waghe (“wave”), from Old English wǣg (“a wave, billow, motion, water, flood, sea”), from Proto-Germanic *wēgaz (“motion, storm, wave”), from Proto-Indo-European *weǵʰ- (“to drag, carry”). Cognate with North Frisian weage (“wave, flood, sea”), German Woge (“wave”), French vague (“wave”) (from Germanic), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌲𐍃 (wēgs, “a wave”). See also waw.
wave (plural waves)
- A moving disturbance in the level of a body of liquid; an undulation.
- The wave traveled from the center of the lake before breaking on the shore.
- 2020 December 2, Paul Bigland, “My weirdest and wackiest Rover yet”, in Rail, page 65:
- The new sea wall may stop the waves from the sea, but not from the children who enthusiastically greet our train as it passes. It's great to see this ages-old habit is still going strong.
- (poetic) The ocean.
- 1895, Fiona Macleod (William Sharp), The Sin-Eater and Other Tales
- […] your father Murtagh Ross, and his lawful childless wife, Dionaid, and his sister Anna—one and all, they lie beneath the green wave or in the brown mould.
- 1895, Fiona Macleod (William Sharp), The Sin-Eater and Other Tales
- (physics) A moving disturbance in the energy level of a field.
- A shape that alternatingly curves in opposite directions.
- Her hair had a nice wave to it.
- sine wave
- Any of a number of species of moths in the geometrid subfamily Sterrhinae, which have wavy markings on the wings.
- A loose back-and-forth movement, as of the hands.
- He dismissed her with a wave of the hand.
- (figuratively) A sudden, but temporary, uptick in something.
- Synonym: rush
- A wave of shoppers stampeded through the door when the store opened for its Christmas discount special.
- A wave of retirees began moving to the coastal area.
- A wave of emotion overcame her when she thought about her son who was killed in battle.
- 2011 January 11, Jonathan Stevenson, “West Ham 2 - 1 Birmingham”, in BBC:
- Foster had been left unsighted by Scott Dann's positioning at his post, but the goalkeeper was about to prove his worth to Birmingham by keeping them in the game with a series of stunning saves as West Ham produced waves after wave of attack in their bid to find a crucial second goal.
- (video games, by extension) One of the successive swarms of enemies sent to attack the player in certain games.
- As the player eliminates each wave of 55 aliens, the next wave begins lower than the one previous.
- (usually "the wave") A group activity in a crowd imitating a wave going through water, where people in successive parts of the crowd stand and stretch upward, then sit.
- carrier wave
- cosine wave
- electromagnetic wave
- Elliott wave
- episodic wave
- gamma wave
- gravitational wave
- gravity-inertia wave
- groundwave, ground wave
- handwave, hand wave
- harmonic wave
- incident wave
- Kelvin wave
- light wave
- longitudinal wave
- longwave, long wave
- Love wave
- magnetic wave
- Marshak wave
- mechanical wave
- mediumwave, medium wave
- metachronal wave
- Mexican wave
- modulated wave
- new wave
- ocean wave
- plane wave
- P wave, P-wave
- Q wave, Q-wave
- radio wave
- Rayleigh wave
- rogue wave
- sea wave
- seismic wave
- shock wave
- shortwave, short wave
- sine wave
- sinusoidal wave
- skywave, sky wave
- sound wave
- standing wave
- S wave, S-wave
- transverse wave
- wind wave
- first-wave feminism
- fourth-wave feminism
- Gaussian wave packet
- make waves
- matter waves
- no wave
- second-wave feminism
- third-wave feminism
- wave equation
- wave field synthesis
- wave form
- wave function
- wave mechanics
- wave motion
- wave node
- wave number
- wave packet
- wave-particle duality
- wave reflection
- wave ski
- wave theory
- wave train
- wave vector
- wave at OneLook Dictionary Search
- “wave” in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
- Obsolete spelling of
- Alternative form of