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U+6D6A, 浪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D6A

[U+6D69]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D6B]
U+F92A, 浪
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F92A

[U+F929]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F92B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 85, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水戈日女 (EIAV), four-corner 37132, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 624, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17482
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1022, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1634, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6D6A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
浪-seal.svg 浪-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *raːŋ, *raːŋs): semantic + phonetic (OC *raŋ).

Etymology[edit]

May be a colloquial variant of (lán, “wave”). Probably not related to Tibetan དབའ་ཀློང (dba' klong, wave) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • lang6 - literary;
  • neng7 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /laŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    làng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    long6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 8040
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raːŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. wave
    2. something resembling waves
      /   ―  màilàng  ―  billowing wheat fields
    3. to be unrestrained
      /   ―  làngfèi  ―  to waste
    4. dissolute
      /   ―  làngdàng  ―  dissolute; dissipated
      狂蜂  ―  kuángfēnglàngdié  ―  lascivious men
    5. (dialectal Mandarin or slang) to amuse oneself; to have fun; to go out; to hang out; to stroll
    6. (literary) in vain
    7. A surname​.
    8. (Wu) on; above
      Synonym: (shàng)
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /lɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /lɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /laŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /lɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /lɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    láng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    long4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    láng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁaŋ/
    English (name of a river)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8016
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*raːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 滄浪沧浪 (Cāngláng) and 浪浪.

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. wave
    2. wandering

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    なみ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (なみ) (nami

    1. Alternative spelling of : waves

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ろう
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (ろう) (-rōらう (rau)?

    1. failing the annual university entrance exams (see 浪人)
      二浪目(にろうめ)
      nirōme
      second time failing the annual university entrance exams

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC lɑŋH). Recorded as Middle Korean 라ᇰ〯 (lǎng) (Yale: lǎng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (initial position)
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [na̠(ː)ŋ]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
    • (non-initial position)

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 물결 (mulgyeol rang), South Korea 물결 (mulgyeol nang))

    1. Hanja form? of / (wave).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: lảng, lặng, rằng, lãng, lăng, trảng

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.