ran

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: RAN, rań, rán, ràn, rắn, rån, rǎn, and rận

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹæn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æn

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

ran

  1. simple past tense of rin
  2. simple past tense of run
  3. (nonstandard, colloquial) past participle of run
    • 1731, Philippus van Limborch, Samuel Chandler, transl., The History of the Inquisition[1], volume 1, page 231:
      [] rather to convince the Underſtanding, than to be eaſily capable of being anſwered ; excuſing your ſelf that you have ran into an Error, ſo foreign as you have declared from your Intention, []
    • 1837, William Keary, Romanism exposed; or, Strictures on two lectures [] [2], Goddard and Brown, page 6:
      " Heretics and schismatics, because they rebel against her, and only belong to the church, as deserters to an army from which they have ran away ; []
    • 2012 March 5, Helen Summer, Running Crazy[3], John Blake Publishing, →ISBN, page 209:
      I’ve ran this event many times but in the year 2000, when we were running over the Bodmin Moor part of the course, it lashed down with large, freezing-cold hailstones.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran (uncountable)

  1. (nautical) Yarns coiled on a spun-yarn winch.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English ran; compare with Danish ran and Norwegian Bokmål ran.

Noun[edit]

ran (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Open robbery.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Lambarde to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for ran in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

Anagrams[edit]


Alemannic German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ran

  1. (Uri) lanky, slender

References[edit]


Arop-Lokep[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ran

  1. Alternative form of arran

See also[edit]


Chuukese[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. day, daylight

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. genitive plural of rána

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rán.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /raːn/, [ʁɑːˀn]

Noun[edit]

ran n (singular definite ranet, plural indefinite ran)

  1. open theft

Inflection[edit]

Verb[edit]

ran

  1. imperative of rane

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of heran.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ran

  1. (colloquial) near, close to, over to

Further reading[edit]

  • ran in Duden online

Gilbertese[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Thomas Edward Dutton, Darrell T. Tryon, Language Contact and Change in the Austronesian World (1994)

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ran

  1. Rōmaji transcription of らん

Karnai[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Malasanga[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ran

  1. Nonstandard spelling of rán.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of rǎn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Namakura[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse rán

Noun[edit]

ran n (definite singular ranet, indefinite plural ran, definite plural rana or ranene)

  1. a robbery
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

ran

  1. imperative of rane

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rán

Noun[edit]

ran n (definite singular ranet, indefinite plural ran, definite plural rana)

  1. a robbery

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rān n (nominative plural rān)

  1. unlawful seizure of property; robbery

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Joseph Bosworth, edited by T. Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1882
  • T. Northcote Toller, An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary: Supplement, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1921

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran f

  1. genitive plural of rana

Noun[edit]

ran n

  1. genitive plural of rano

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ranъ (Russian ра́нний (ránnij), Polish rano).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rȃn (definite rȃnī, comparative rànijī, Cyrillic spelling ра̑н)

  1. early
  2. premature

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ran” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *ranъ

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rȃn (comparative ránejši, superlative nȁjránejši)

  1. early

Inflection[edit]

Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. rán rána ráno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative rán ind
ráni def
rána ráno
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
ráno ráno
genitive ránega ráne ránega
dative ránemu ráni ránemu
locative ránem ráni ránem
instrumental ránim ráno ránim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative rána ráni ráni
accusative rána ráni ráni
genitive ránih ránih ránih
dative ránima ránima ránima
locative ránih ránih ránih
instrumental ránima ránima ránima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative ráni ráne rána
accusative ráne ráne rána
genitive ránih ránih ránih
dative ránim ránim ránim
locative ránih ránih ránih
instrumental ránimi ránimi ránimi

Further reading[edit]

  • ran”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English run.

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. To run
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, 2:14:
      Nem bilong namba 3 wara em Taigris na em i ran i go long hap sankamap bilong kantri Asiria. Na nem bilong namba 4 wara em Yufretis.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Ulau-Suain[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Stephen Adolphe Wurm, New Guinea Area Languages and Language Study (1976)

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ran

  1. to resound; to spread widely

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran

  1. Soft mutation of rhan.

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
rhan ran unchanged unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Welsh Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

ran f

  1. rod, wand
  2. fishing rod

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ran” in Welsh Romani-English Dictionary, ROMLEX – the Romani Lexicon Project, 2000.