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Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle French coillir(to gather, pluck, pick, cull) (French: cueillir), from Latin colligo(to gather together), past participle collectus, from com-(together) + lego(to gather); compare legend.

Helical or coil springs


coil (plural coils)

  1. Something wound in the form of a helix or spiral.
    the sinuous coils of a snake
    • Washington Irving
      The wild grapevines that twisted their coils from tree to tree.
  2. Any intrauterine device (Abbreviation: IUD)—the first IUDs were coil-shaped.
  3. (electrical) A coil of electrically conductive wire through which electricity can flow.
  4. (figuratively) Entanglement; perplexity.
Derived terms[edit]


coil (third-person singular simple present coils, present participle coiling, simple past and past participle coiled)

  1. To wind or reel e.g. a wire or rope into regular rings, often around a centerpiece.
    A simple transformer can be made by coiling two pieces of insulated copper wire around an iron heart.
  2. To wind into loops (roughly) around a common center.
    The sailor coiled the free end of the hawser on the pier.
  3. To wind cylindrically or spirally.
    to coil a rope when not in use
    The snake coiled itself before springing.
  4. (obsolete, rare) To encircle and hold with, or as if with, coils.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of T. Edwards to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin unknown.


coil (plural coils)

  1. (now obsolete except in phrases) A noise, tumult, bustle, or turmoil.
    • 1594, William Shakespeare, Titus Andronicus, Act III:
      If the windes rage, doth not the Sea wax mad, / Threatning the welkin with his big-swolne face? / And wilt thou haue a reason for this coile?
    • 1624, John Smith, Generall Historie, in Kupperman 1988, p. 162:
      this great Savage desired also to see him. A great coyle there was to set him forward.
    • 1704, Jonathan Swift, A Tale of a Tub:
      they continued so extremely fond of gold, that if Peter sent them abroad, though it were only upon a compliment, they would roar, and spit, and belch, and piss, and f—t, and snivel out fire, and keep a perpetual coil, till you flung them a bit of gold [...].
Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]





coil m

  1. vocative singular of col(prohibition; sin, lust; violation; dislike; incest; relation, relationship)
  2. genitive singular of col(prohibition; sin, lust; violation; dislike; incest; relation, relationship)


Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
coil choil gcoil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.