col

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kɒl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɒl

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French col, from Latin collum (neck). Doublet of collum.

Noun[edit]

col (plural cols)

  1. (geography) A dip on a mountain ridge between two peaks.
    Synonym: (South Africa) nek
    Coordinate terms: bealach, mountain pass, pass, saddle, hause
    • 1999, Harish Kapadia, “Ascents in the Panch Chuli Group”, in Across Peaks & Passes in Kumaun Himalaya, New Delhi: Indus Publishing Company, →ISBN, page 136:
      We spent half an hour on the summit before returning to our camp, where we stuffed the frozen tent and all the gear into our packs and started the long descent of the southwest ridge to rejoin Harish and others who were still encamped on the col at the foot of it.
    • 2012, Paul Lee, Vignettes: Musings and Reminiscences of a Modern Renaissance Man, page 344:
      I recall one specific trip when we climbed to Madison Hut which is located in the col between Mount Madison and Mount Jefferson.
    • 2019, Alan Staniforth, Cleveland Way, page 74:
      Turn left through a gate in the right angle of the wall and drop down to a col before climbing up the hill.
  2. (meteorology) A pressure region between two anticyclones and two low-pressure regions.
    Synonym: saddle point
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation

Noun[edit]

col (plural cols)

  1. Clipping of column.
  2. Abbreviation of color.

Anagrams[edit]

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a contraction of the preposition con (with) + masculine singular article el (the).

Contraction[edit]

col m (feminine cola, neuter colo, masculine plural colos, feminine plural coles)

  1. with the

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin caulem (stalk, stem), from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem of a plant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col f (plural cols)

  1. cabbage

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Crimean Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

col (Northern dialect)

  1. road, way

Usage notes[edit]

  • Literary form: yol

Declension[edit]

Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *cu illu, contracted from the accusative of Vulgar Latin *eccum ille. Compare Italian quello, Romanian acel, Old French cil, Spanish aquel.

Pronoun[edit]

col

  1. that

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from French col (collar), from Latin collum (neck).

Noun[edit]

col m (plural cols, diminutive colletje n)

  1. (informal, chiefly Belgium) (clothing) collar
    Synonym: kraag
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

col m (plural collen, diminutive colletje n)

  1. (informal, Belgium) (sports) mountain pass
    Synonym: bergpas

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from French colle.

Noun[edit]

col f (uncountable)

  1. (informal, Belgium) glue
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old French col, from Latin collum (neck). Doublet of cou.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col m (plural cols)

  1. (clothing) collar
  2. (geography) col (dip on a mountain ridge)
  3. (anatomy, dated) neck
    Synonym: cou
  4. neck (of objects, vases etc.)
    le col d’une bouteillethe neck of a bottle

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Hausa: kwal

Further reading[edit]

Galician[edit]

Coles or verzas

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese col (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from an older unattested *coule, from Latin caulis. Cognate with Portuguese couve and Spanish col.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col f (plural coles)

  1. collard; wild mustard, wild cabbage; kale; Brassica oleracea var. acephala
    Synonyms: coella, verza

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • col” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • coles” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • couues” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • col” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • col” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • col” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “col”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zoll.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡sol]
  • Hyphenation: col
  • Rhymes: -ol

Noun[edit]

col (plural colok)

  1. inch
    Synonym: hüvelyk

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative col colok
accusative colt colokat
dative colnak coloknak
instrumental collal colokkal
causal-final colért colokért
translative collá colokká
terminative colig colokig
essive-formal colként colokként
essive-modal
inessive colban colokban
superessive colon colokon
adessive colnál coloknál
illative colba colokba
sublative colra colokra
allative colhoz colokhoz
elative colból colokból
delative colról colokról
ablative coltól coloktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
colé coloké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
coléi colokéi
Possessive forms of col
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. colom coljaim
2nd person sing. colod coljaid
3rd person sing. colja coljai
1st person plural colunk coljaink
2nd person plural colotok coljaitok
3rd person plural coljuk coljaik

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • col in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • col in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish col, from Proto-Celtic *kulom.

Noun[edit]

col m (genitive singular coil, nominative plural colanna)

  1. prohibition
  2. sin, lust
  3. violation
  4. dislike
  5. incest
    Synonyms: ciorrú coil, corbadh
  6. relation, relationship
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French col (neck).

Noun[edit]

col m (genitive singular coil, nominative plural coil)

  1. (geography) col
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
col chol gcol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Italian[edit]

Contraction[edit]

col

  1. contraction of con il; with the

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English cāl, variant of cawel, borrowed from Latin caulis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col (plural coles)

  1. cabbage, kale, colewort

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French col, from Latin collum.

Noun[edit]

col m (plural cols)

  1. (anatomy) the neck

Descendants[edit]

Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kōl(ī). Cognate with Old High German kuoli.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cōl (comparative cōlra, superlative cōlost)

  1. cool (not hot or warm)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *kol. Cognate with Old Frisian kole, Old High German kolo, Old Norse kol.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col n

  1. coal
  2. charcoal
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin collum. Cognate with Old Galician-Portuguese colo and Old Spanish cuello.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col oblique singularm (oblique plural cous or cox or cols, nominative singular cous or cox or cols, nominative plural col)

  1. (anatomy) neck

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kulɸom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

col n (genitive cuil)

  1. sin, violation

Inflection[edit]

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative colN colN colL, cola
Vocative colN colN colL, cola
Accusative colN colN colL, cola
Genitive cuilL col colN
Dative colL colaib colaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: col
  • Scottish Gaelic: col (incest)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
col chol col
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish col (sin).

Noun[edit]

col m (genitive singular cola, plural colan)

  1. incest

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Zoll.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cȏl m (Cyrillic spelling цо̑л)

  1. inch

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin caulem (stalk, stem), from Ancient Greek καυλός (kaulós, stem of a plant). Cognate with English cole and chou.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkol/ [ˈkol]
  • Rhymes: -ol
  • Syllabification: col

Noun[edit]

col f (plural coles)

  1. cabbage
    Synonyms: berza, repollo

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Tocharian B[edit]

Adjective[edit]

col

  1. wild

Vilamovian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cōl m (plural cōln)

  1. inch (unit of measure)