cuil

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See also: cùil and cúil

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cuil (fly; flea, gnat), from Proto-Celtic *kuli (compare Scottish Gaelic cuileag, Breton kelien, Welsh cylion), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱuH-ló- (compare Latin culex (gnat), Old Armenian սլաք (slakʿ, roasting spit)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cuil f (genitive singular cuile, nominative plural cuileanna)

  1. fly, bug

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cuil chuil gcuil
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kulis, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱuH-ló-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cuil f (genitive unattested)

  1. fly
  2. (sometimes, perhaps) flea, gnat

Inflection[edit]

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cuil cuilL cuiliH
Vocative cuil cuilL cuiliH
Accusative cuilN cuilL cuiliH
Genitive culoH, culaH culoH, culaH cuileN
Dative cuilL cuilib cuilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Irish: cuil, cuileóc

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cuil chuil cuil
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]