rod

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See also: Rod, ród, röd, and rød

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Old English *rodd or *rodde (attested in dative plural roddum), of uncertain origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rod (plural rods)

  1. A straight, round stick, shaft, bar, cane, or staff.
    The circus strong man proved his strength by bending an iron rod, and then straightening it.
  2. (fishing) A long slender usually tapering pole used for angling; fishing rod.
    When I hooked a snake and not a fish, I got so scared I dropped my rod in the water.
  3. A stick, pole, or bundle of switches or twigs (such as a birch), used for personal defense or to administer corporal punishment by whipping.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.8:
      So was I brought up: they tell mee, that in all my youth, I never felt rod [transl. verges] but twice, and that very lightly.
  4. An implement resembling and/or supplanting a rod (particularly a cane) that is used for corporal punishment, and metonymically called the rod, regardless of its actual shape and composition.
    The judge imposed on the thief a sentence of fifteen strokes with the rod.
  5. A stick used to measure distance, by using its established length or task-specific temporary marks along its length, or by dint of specific graduated marks.
    I notched a rod and used it to measure the length of rope to cut.
  6. (archaic) A unit of length equal to 1 pole, a perch, ¼ chain, 5½ yards, 16½ feet, or exactly 5.0292 meters (these being all equivalent).
    • 1865 Henry David Thoreau, Cape Cod [1]
      In one of the villages I saw the next summer a cow tethered by a rope six rods long [...]
    • 1900, Charles W. Chesnutt, The House Behind the Cedars, Chapter I,
      A few rods farther led him past the old black Presbyterian church, with its square tower, embowered in a stately grove; past the Catholic church, with its many crosses, and a painted wooden figure of St. James in a recess beneath the gable; and past the old Jefferson House, once the leading hotel of the town, in front of which political meetings had been held, and political speeches made, and political hard cider drunk, in the days of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too."
  7. An implement held vertically and viewed through an optical surveying instrument such as a transit, used to measure distance in land surveying and construction layout; an engineer's rod, surveyor's rod, surveying rod, leveling rod, ranging rod. The modern (US) engineer's or surveyor's rod commonly is eight or ten feet long and often designed to extend higher. In former times a surveyor's rod often was a single wooden pole or composed of multiple sectioned and socketed pieces, and besides serving as a sighting target was used to measure distance on the ground horizontally, hence for convenience was of one rod or pole in length, that is, 5½ yards.
  8. (archaic) A unit of area equal to a square rod, 30¼ square yards or 1/160 acre.
    The house had a small yard of about six rods in size.
  9. A straight bar that unites moving parts of a machine, for holding parts together as a connecting rod or for transferring power as a drive-shaft.
    The engine threw a rod, and then went to pieces before our eyes, springs and coils shooting in all directions.
  10. (anatomy) Short for rod cell, a rod-shaped cell in the eye that is sensitive to light.
    The rods are more sensitive than the cones, but do not discern color.
  11. (biology) Any of a number of long, slender microorganisms.
    He applied a gram positive stain, looking for rods indicative of Listeria.
  12. (chemistry) A stirring rod: a glass rod, typically about 6 inches to 1 foot long and 1/8 to 1/4 inch in diameter that can be used to stir liquids in flasks or beakers.
  13. (slang) A pistol; a gun.
  14. (slang) A penis.
  15. (slang) A hot rod, an automobile or other passenger motor vehicle modified to run faster and often with exterior cosmetic alterations, especially one based originally on a pre-1940s model or (currently) denoting any older vehicle thus modified.
  16. (ufology) rod-shaped objects which appear in photographs and videos traveling at high speed, not seen by the person recording the event, often associated with extraterrestrial entities
    • 2000, Jack Barranger, Paul Tice, Mysteries Explored: The Search for Human Origins, Ufos, and Religious Beginnings, Book Tree, page 37:
      These cylindrical rods fly through the air at incredible speeds and can only be picked up by high-speed cameras.
    • 2009, Barry Conrad, An Unknown Encounter: A True Account of the San Pedro Haunting, Dorrance Publishing, pages 129–130:
      During one such broadcast in 1997, the esteemed radio host bellowed, “I got a fax earlier today from MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) in Arizona and they said what you think are rods are actually insects!”
    • 2010, Deena West Budd, The Weiser Field Guide to Cryptozoology: Werewolves, Dragons, Skyfish, Lizard Men, and Other Fascinating Creatures Real and Mysterious, Weiser Books, page 15:
      He tells of a home video showing a rod flying into the open mouth of a girl singing at a wedding.
  17. (mathematics) a Cuisenaire rod

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *roto- (wheel, chariot) (compare Welsh rhod, Old Irish roth), from Proto-Indo-European *Hroth₂-o-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rod f

  1. wheel

Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

rod m

  1. family, stock, lineage
  2. (botany) genus
  3. (grammar) gender
  4. (grammar) voice

Derived terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the verb rode.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːd/, [ʁoðˀ]

Noun[edit]

rod n (singular definite rodet, not used in plural form)

  1. disorder, mess, muddle

Verb[edit]

rod

  1. Imperative of rode.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse rót.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /roːd/, [ʁoðˀ]

Noun[edit]

rod c (singular definite roden, plural indefinite rødder)

  1. root
  2. yob
Related terms[edit]
Inflection[edit]

German Low German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon rōd, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós < *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Dutch rood, German rot, West Frisian read, English red, Danish rød.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rod

  1. (in several dialects) red

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

rod

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of rast
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of rast
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of rast
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of rast

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

rod

  1. rafsi of broda.

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *rōdō. Cognate with Old Frisian rōd, Old Saxon rōda, Dutch roede (rod), Old High German ruota (German Rute), Old Norse róða (rod, cross) (Danish rode (gauge, rod)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rōd f

  1. cross (method of execution)
  2. a measure of land length, equal to a perch
  3. a measure of land area, equal to a quarter of an acre

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • An archaic locative singular form, ᚱᚩᛞᛁ, appears on the Ruthwell Cross inscription.

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *raudaz, whence also Old English rēad, Old Frisian rād, Old High German rōt, Old Norse rauðr, Gothic 𐍂𐌰𐌿𐌸𐍃 (rauþs). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós < *h₁rewdʰ-.

Adjective[edit]

rōd (comparative rōdoro, superlative rōdost)

  1. red

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pl

Noun[edit]

rod m

  1. rhodium (chemical element, Rh, atomic number 45)

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From a Slavic language, from Proto-Slavic *rodъ.

Noun[edit]

rod n

  1. fruit
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

rod

  1. first-person singular present tense form of roade.
  2. first-person singular subjunctive form of roade.
  3. third-person plural present tense form of roade.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *rodъ.

Noun[edit]

rȏd m (Cyrillic spelling ро̑д)

  1. gender
  2. (botany) genus
  3. relative, relation
  4. fruit, crop, extraction (rarely used in these senses)
  5. family, stock, lineage, kin

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lightning conductor or rod in OSM