竿

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竿 U+7AFF, 竿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AFF

[U+7AFE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7B00]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

竿 (radical 118 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹一十 (HMJ), four-corner 88401, composition𥫗)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 878, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25854
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1306, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2948, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7AFF

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
竿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krads, *krads, *ked, *kad
*kaːn
竿 *kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːns
*kaːn
*kaːn, *ɡaːn
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ, *kaːns, *ɡaːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns
*kaːns, *ɡraːns
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kaːnʔ
*kʰaːn
*kʰaːn, *kʰaːns, *kreːn, *kan
*kʰaːnʔ, *kʰaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns
*ŋaːn, *ŋaːns, *ɦŋaːns, *ŋ̊ʰraːn
*ŋaːns, *hŋaːn, *ŋaːd
*ŋɡaːns
*qʰaːn, *ɢaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *qʰaːns
*qʰaːnʔ, *ɡaːns
*qʰaːnʔ
*ɡaːn
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns, *kʰraːn
*ɡaːns, *ɡraːnʔ
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡaːns
*ɡʷranʔ
*ɡraːns
*kan
*ɡan, *ɡʷad
*qʰan
*qʰan
*qʰaːŋʔ
*ɡʷaːnʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kan - literary;
  • koaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kan/
Li
Rong
/kɑn/
Wang
Li
/kɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kan ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤar/
English pole, rod

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 竿
Reading # 1/1
No. 3569
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kaːn/

Definitions[edit]

竿

  1. bamboo pole
  2. penis
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

竿

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. rod, pole
  2. beam

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
竿
さお
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

竿 (hiragana さお, rōmaji sao, historical hiragana さを)

  1. pole

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

竿 (gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

竿 (can, cần)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.