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See also:
U+8ED2, 軒
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8ED2

[U+8ED1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8ED3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159, +3, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十十一十 (JJMJ), four-corner 51040, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1240, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38187
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1715, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3514, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8ED2

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms
𨍓
𩋱

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰan): semantic  (carriage) + phonetic  (OC *kaːn)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyan²¹/
Jinan /ɕyã²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕyã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕyan²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕyã²¹/
Xining /ɕyã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕyɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕyan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn⁵⁵/
/ɕyɛn⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕyan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕyen³¹/
Hefei /ɕyĩ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕye¹¹/
Pingyao
Hohhot /ɕye³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɕi⁵³/
Suzhou /ɕiɪ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³¹/
Tunxi /ɕyɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiẽ³³/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /hian⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /hin⁵³/
Nanning /hyn⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hin⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hian³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyoŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xyiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hɯŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hin²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (65)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨɐn/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiɐn/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨan/
Li
Rong
/xiɐn/
Wang
Li
/xĭɐn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɨ̯ɐn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjon ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰa[r]/
English nobleman"s carriage

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3641
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. high; lofty; airy
  2. small room or veranda with windows (formerly used in names of studies, teahouses, restaurants, etc.)
  3. (historical) a kind of high-fronted, curtained carriage in ancient China
  4. (literary) window; door
  5. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to slice meat in large portions

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(けん) (-ken

  1. counter for buildings like houses
    寄付(きふ)(つの)るため、(すう)(けん)(いえ)(まわ)った。
    Kifu o tsunoru tame, sūken no ie o mawatta.
    We visited several houses to raise donations.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
のき
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(のき) (noki

  1. eaves
  2. narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐn). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: hen) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 추녀 (chunyeo heon))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (eaves).
  2. (literary) Hanja form? of (type of carriage in ancient China).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC hɨɐnH).

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 고기 저밀 (gogi jeomil heon))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (to slice meat in large portions).

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: hiên (()(diên)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: hiên[1][2][3][4], hen[3][6][5], hên[3]

  1. Hán tự form of hiên (veranda).

References[edit]