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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lan, *lans): phonetic 丿 ‎(OC *pʰleːd, *leds) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 54 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 弓大竹卜一 (NKHYM) or 弓大竹卜女 (NKHYV), four-corner 12401, composition丿)

  1. stretch, extend, delay, postpone, defer

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 352, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 666, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EF6

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (36)
Final: (77)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yán
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiᴇn/ /jiɛn/ /jæn/ /jian/ /iɛn/ /jĭɛn/ /i̯ɛn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (23)
Final: (121)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhēng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiᴇŋ/ /t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /t͡ɕiæŋ/ /ciajŋ/ /t͡ɕiɛŋ/ /t͡ɕĭɛŋ/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (36)
Final: (77)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiᴇnH/ /jiɛnH/ /jænH/ /jianH/ /iɛnH/ /jĭɛnH/ /i̯ɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yán ‹ yen › /*la[n]/ extend

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14256 1 /*lan/
14267 1 /*lans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dang, dan, diên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.