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U+5EF6, 延
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EF6

[U+5EF5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EF7]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
Japanese
and
traditional Chinese
延 - U+05EF6 - KanjiVG stroke order.svg
(In mainland China,
strokes 4 and 5
merge
into a single L-shaped stroke;
also,
stroke 7
becomes
a continuation
of stroke 6.
)

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 54, +5 in traditional Chinese and Japanese, 廴+4 in simplified Chinese, 8 strokes in traditional Chinese and Japanese, 6 strokes in simplified Chinese, cangjie input 弓大竹卜一 (NKHYM) or 弓大竹卜女 (NKHYV), four-corner 12401, composition丿𠃊(GK) or ⿺丿(HTJ) or ⿺𠃊(V) or ⿺⿱⿰𠃊(V)) (Note: The Simplified Chinese version of the component 𠂛 is referred to as 延字心 (yánzìxīn) in Mandarin.)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 352, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9569
  • Dae Jaweon: page 666, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 404, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5EF6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. #
2nd round simp. 𨒂
alternative forms 𨒌
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Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *lan, *lans): phonetic 丿 (OC *pʰleːd, *leds) + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

Within Chinese, cognate with (OC *lan, “bamboo mat”), (OC *l̥ʰan, “long (of wood)”) and (OC *l'aːnʔ, “wide; ludicrous”) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Burmese လှန် (hlan, to dry (things) in the sun). Probably unrelated to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *jaːr (spread; extend; sail), whence Tibetan གཡོར་མོ (g.yor mo, sail), Mizo zâr (to spread; to spread out), Jingpho yàn (spread; unrolled).

Pan (1987) suggests Vietnamese lan (to spread) is borrowed from Old Chinese (OC *lan, *lans).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiân - vernacular;
  • iân - literary.
Note:
  • iang6 - Shantou;
  • iêng6 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (36) (36)
    Final () (77) (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /jiᴇn/ /jiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /jiɛn/ /jiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /jæn/ /jænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /jian/ /jianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /iɛn/ /iɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /jĭɛn/ /jĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /i̯ɛn/ /i̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yán yàn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    jin4 jin6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yán
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ yen ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*la[n]/
    English extend

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 14256 14267
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*lan/ /*lans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to prolong
    2. to stretch; to extend
    3. to engage; to send for
    4. to delay; to postpone; to defer

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    えん
    Grade: 6
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC jiᴇn, jiᴇnH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Affix[edit]

    (えん) (en

    1. extend, lengthen
    2. prolong
    3. postpone

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 늘일 (neuril yeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (to stretch; to extend; to lengthen).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: diên

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.