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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
以-bw.png
Stroke order
以-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

以 以 以 以
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Originally , a deformed version of . 以 is a further deformation of 厶 with the addition of "person" on the right side.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈人 (VIO), four-corner 28100)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 94, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EE5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (以), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羊己切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨX/ /iX/ /iəX/ /jɨX/ /jɨX/ /jĭəX/ /ieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yiX › /*ləʔ/ take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because
  2. to use
  3. Abbreviation of 以色列.

Compounds[edit]

Phrases[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. compared to
  2. than
  3. by means of
  4. because
  5. in view of
  6. compared with

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(i) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]