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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
以-bw.png
Stroke order
以-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 女戈人 (VIO), four-corner 28100, composition𠄌)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 94, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 388
  • Dae Jaweon: page 199, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+4EE5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
以-oracle.svg 以-bronze.svg 以-bigseal.svg 以-seal.svg

Originally , a deformed version of (). is a further deformation of with the addition of (“person”) on the right side.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (36)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jɨX/ /jɨX/ /ieX/ /jɨX/ /iəX/ /jĭəX/ /iX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yiX › /*ləʔ/ take, use

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14929 0 /*lɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. by; with; by means of
  2. according to
  3. so as to; in order to
  4. because
  5. to use
  6. Abbreviation of 以色列 (Yǐsèliè, “Israel”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. compared to
  2. than
  3. by means of
  4. because
  5. in view of
  6. compared with

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(i) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]