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U+754F, 畏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-754F

[U+754E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7550]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 102, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田一女 (WMV), four-corner 60732, composition𠄌丿(GJKV) or ⿱⿸⿱𠄌丿(HT))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 760, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21778
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1170, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2532, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+754F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
畏-oracle.svg 畏-bronze.svg 畏-seal.svg 畏-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意).

In oracle bone script form, this character depicts a ghost () holding a stick. (Hsiao-ting Li)

The small seal glyph was analysed by Shuo Wen as a ghost head () with part of a tiger, including its claw.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ui3 - literary;
  • uin3 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (21)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔʉiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔʷɨiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiuəiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔujH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiuəiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭwəiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔwe̯iH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wèi
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    wai3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wèi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjwɨjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔuj-s/
    English fear (v.); threaten

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12939
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*quls/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to fear
        ―  wèinán  ―  to be afraid of difficulty
      夜路 [Meixian Hakka, trad. and simp.]
      From: 梅县客家方言标准音词典 p. 279
      gi2 hau3 vi4 hang2 ya4 lu4. [Hakka Transliteration Scheme]
      They are so afraid of walking in the night.
    2. to respect; to admire

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. fear, dread, apprehension
    2. awe, majesty, reverence

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔʉiH).

    The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

    Affix[edit]

    () (i (wi)?

    1. fear
    2. respect

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    かしこ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    かしこ
    [interjection] used by women at the end of letters: yours, sincerely
    Alternative spellings
    , ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (oe))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: úy/, hoáy, hoay

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.