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U+72C2, 狂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72C2

[U+72C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72C3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 大竹一土 (KHMG), four-corner 41214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 707, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1120, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1334, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+72C2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ, *qʷaːŋs, *qʷaŋʔ
*qʷaːŋ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*kʷaŋʔ
*kʷaŋs, *ɡʷaŋ, *kʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ
*kʰʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋ
*ɡʷaŋʔ
*ɢʷaŋ, *ɢʷaŋs
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋ
*ɢʷaŋs
*qʰʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷaŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷaŋ, *ɡʷaŋs): semantic  (dog) + phonetic . The latter is the ancient form of (OC *ɢʷaŋ, “to go”).

Etymology[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kông - literary;
  • kn̂g - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰuɑŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /kʰuɑŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Qingdao /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
    Xi'an /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Xining /kʰuɔ̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /kʰuɑŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /kʰuɑ̃⁵³/
    Ürümqi /kʰuɑŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
    Chengdu /kʰuaŋ³¹/
    Guiyang /kʰuaŋ²¹/
    Kunming /kʰuã̠¹/
    Nanjing /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
    Hefei /kʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /kʰuɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /guɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /guɑ̃¹³/
    Hangzhou /guɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /kʰo⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰau⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /kuan¹³/
    Xiangtan /guɔn¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuɔŋ²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰoŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰoŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɔŋ²¹/
    /kʰwɔŋ²¹/
    Nanning /kʰɔŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /kʰwɔŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔŋ³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuaŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /xuaŋ³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (30) (30)
    Final () (106) (106)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡʉɐŋ/ /ɡʉɐŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡʷiɐŋ/ /ɡʷiɐŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiuɑŋ/ /ɡiuɑŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guaŋ/ /guaŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiuaŋ/ /ɡiuaŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭwaŋ/ /ɡĭwaŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /giwaŋ/ /giwaŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kuáng guàng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuáng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjwang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k-ɢʷ]aŋ/
    English mad, reckless

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 12732 12740
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷaŋ/ /*ɡʷaŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (of dogs) to go crazy; to act aggressively
    2. mad; insane; crazy
    3. wildly arrogant; conceited; stiff-necked
    4. unruly; unrestrained
    5. violent; ferocious
    6. roaring; enormous
    7. (Min Nan) flustered; hurried
    8. (Min Dong) to become angry
    9. (Min Nan) to be hot for; to be crazy about
    10. (Min Nan, of animal) to be in heat
    11. Original form of (kuáng, “to cheat; to deceive”).
    12. Alternative form of (wǎng, “to go to”).

    See also[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune–Reischauer kwang, Yale kwang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (cuồng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.