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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 94 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 大竹一土 (KHMG), four-corner 41214, composition)

  1. insane, mad
  2. violent
  3. wild

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 707, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20287
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1120, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1334, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+72C2

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kʰuɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /kʰuɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kʰuaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Xining /kʰuɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /kʰuɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /kʰuɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /kʰuɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /kʰuaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /kʰuaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /kʰuaŋ²¹/
Kunming /kʰuã̠¹/
Nanjing /kʰuaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /kʰuɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /kʰuɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /kʰuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kʰuɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /guɑ̃¹³/
Suzhou /guɑ̃¹³/
Hangzhou /guɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑyɔ³¹/
Hui Shexian /kʰo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /kʰau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /kuan¹³/
Xiangtan /guɔn¹²/
Gan Nanchang /kʰuɔŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /kʰoŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɔŋ²¹/
/kʰwɔŋ²¹/
Nanning /kʰɔŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /kʰwɔŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kɔŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰuaŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuaŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xuaŋ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (30)
Final: (106)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kuáng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡʉɐŋ/ /ɡʷiɐŋ/ /ɡiuɑŋ/ /guaŋ/ /ɡiuaŋ/ /ɡĭwaŋ/ /giwaŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (30)
Final: (106)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: guàng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡʉɐŋH/ /ɡʷiɐŋH/ /ɡiuɑŋH/ /guaŋH/ /ɡiuaŋH/ /ɡĭwaŋH/ /giwaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kuáng ‹ gjwang › /*[k-ɢʷ]aŋ/ mad, reckless

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12732 0 /*ɡʷaŋ/
12740 0 /*ɡʷaŋs/

Adjective[edit]

  1. mad; insane

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gwang) (hangeul , revised gwang, McCune-Reischauer kwang, Yale kwang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cuồng)

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