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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 口口一一大 (RRMMK), four-corner 66248, composition𠪚)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 214, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4589
  • Dae Jaweon: page 436, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 702, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+56B4

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
嚴-bronze.svg 嚴-bigseal.svg 嚴-seal.svg

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ian³⁵/
Harbin /ian²⁴/
Tianjin /ian⁴⁵/
Jinan /iã⁴²/
Qingdao /iã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ian⁴²/
Xi'an /iã²⁴/
Xining /iã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ian⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɛ̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /ian⁵¹/
Wuhan /iɛn²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵian³¹/
Guiyang /nian²¹/
/ian²¹/
Kunming /iɛ̃³¹/
Nanjing /ien²⁴/
Hefei /iĩ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ie¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵi²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɪ¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵiẽ̞²¹³/
Wenzhou /ȵi³¹/
Hui Shexian /ne⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiẽ¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiẽ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiam¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiɑm¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jim²¹/
Nanning /jim²¹/
Hong Kong /jim²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giam³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋieŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋiam⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋiam³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (145)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie 𩏩
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐm/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨam/
Li
Rong
/ŋiɐm/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yán
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjæm ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ(r)am/
English stern, majestic

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3692
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋam/

Definitions[edit]

  1. strict, rigorous, rigid
  2. stern

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eom) (hangeul , revised eom, McCune-Reischauer ŏm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nghiêm, ngàm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.