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U+5FC5, 必
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5FC5

[U+5FC4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5FC6]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
必-tbw.png
Japanese stroke order
必-jbw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心竹 (PH), four-corner 33000, composition丿)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 375, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 701, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FC5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
必-bronze.svg 必-bigseal.svg 必-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mpriɡs, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*mpriɡs
*priɡs
*priɡs
*priɡs, *bliːɡ, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*priɡs, *priɡ
*priɡs, *bliɡ, *briɡ
*pliŋs, *mbliːɡ
*bliːɡ, *priɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*bliːɡ, *bliɡ
*mbliːɡ
*pliɡ, *bliɡ
*pliɡ
*pliɡ
*bliɡ, *briɡ
*bliɡ, *briɡ
*bliɡ
*bliɡ
*mriɡ, *mliɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mriɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*mliɡ
*smriɡ, *smriɡ
*sriɡ
*sriɡ
*blɯɡ

Etymology unclear – an ideogram or pictogram of some sort. Unrelated to , as bronze script makes clear, but in current form very similar.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pit̚⁵/
Nanning /pit̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pit̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pit̚/
Li
Rong
/piĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*pi[t]/
English necessarily

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 568
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pliɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. surely; most certainly
  2. must

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. inevitably, certainly

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 必殺 (hissatsu): definite kill
  • 必修 (hisshū): required (subject)
  • 必勝 (hisshō): certain victory
  • 必須 (hissu): indispensable, required
  • 必須条件 (hissu jōken): essential condition
  • 必然 (hitsuzen): inevitable, necessary
  • 必然的 (hitsuzenteki): inevitable, necessary

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pil) (hangeul , revised pil, McCune-Reischauer p'il, Yale phil)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tất, ắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.