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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
必-tbw.png
Japanese stroke order
必-jbw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
必-bronze.svg 必-bigseal.svg 必-seal.svg

Etymology unclear – an ideogram or pictogram of some sort. Unrelated to 心, as bronze script makes clear, but in current form very similar.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +1, 5 strokes, cangjie input 心竹 (PH), four-corner 33000, composition丿)

  1. surely, most certainly
  2. must

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 375, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 701, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5FC5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi⁵¹/
Harbin /pi⁵³/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pi⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi¹³/
Ürümqi /pi²¹³/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ²/
Pingyao /piʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /piɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /piəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /pi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /piʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /piʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pit̚¹/
Taoyuan /pit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pit̚⁵/
Nanning /pit̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pit̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pit̚/
Li
Rong
/piĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/pĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*pi[t]/
English necessarily

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 568
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pliɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. must
    耶和華咒詛一切牲畜野獸肚子行走終身 [MSC, trad.]
    耶和华咒诅一切牲畜野兽肚子行走终身 [MSC, simp.]
    Yēhéhuá shén duì shé shuō, nǐ jì zuò le zhè shì, jiù bì shòu zhòuzǔ, bǐ yīqiè de shēngchù yĕshòu gèng shén. Nǐ bì yòng dùzi xíng zǒu, zhōngshēn chī tǔ. [Pinyin]
    And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed [must receive a curse] above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go [you must use your belly to go], and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 必殺 (hissatsu): definite kill
  • 必修 (hisshū): required (subject)
  • 必勝 (hisshō): certain victory
  • 必須 (hissu): indispensable, required
  • 必須条件 (hissu jōken): essential condition
  • 必然 (hitsuzen): inevitable, necessary
  • 必然的 (hitsuzenteki): inevitable, necessary

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pil) (hangeul , revised pil, McCune-Reischauer p'il, Yale phil)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tất, ắt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.