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U+98F2, 飲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-98F2

[U+98F1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+98F3]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +4, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓人 (OINO), four-corner 87782, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1417, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44063
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4445, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+98F2

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script
飲-oracle.svg 飲-bronze.svg 飲-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
kʰl'uːm
l̥ʰuːmʔ
l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm
qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːm
ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
ɡɯːms
qɯːm, *qaːb
qɯːm, *qrɯːms
krɯːm
qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
ɡram
ɡram
ɡram, *ɡrɯm
nɯːms
sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
sɢrɯm
sɡrɯm
sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
sɡrɯm
ɡjɯms
krɯm
krɯm
krɯm
kʰrɯm
kʰrɯmʔ
kʰrɯms
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯm
ɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
ŋɡrɯm
qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
qrɯm
qrɯm
qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
qrɯms
qrɯms
ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

In the oracle bone script, it was an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (bottle (of wine)) +  (person) +  (mouth (occasionally with the tongue protruding)) – a person bending over a bottle to drink wine. The droplets represented drops of wine or saliva.

In the bronze script, the mouth separated from the body and corrupted into (OC *krɯm), while the rest of the body became (OC *kʰoms). These two components also acted as phonetic components. These changes were inherited in the seal script, leading Shuowen to interpret this character () as a Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms): phonetic  (OC *qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms) + semantic  (yawn).

In the clerical script, has been modified to (“to eat”), which is inherited in the current form.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔam (to eat; to drink).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

𣲎
𩚜
(ám) Hokkien

Note:
  • īng - literary;
  • āng - vernacular (“rice water”).
Note:
  • ím - literary;
  • ám - vernacular (“rice water; watery”).
Note:
  • im2 - literary;
  • am2 - vernacular (“rice water”).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimX/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmX/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[u]mʔ/
English drink (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 6625
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯmʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka) to drink
  2. (Cantonese) to attend a banquet
  3. to swallow (tears); to nurse (grievance); to keep in the heart
  4. Alternative form of (yǐn, “to hide; to conceal”).
  5. beverage; drink
  6. diet; food
  7. (dialectal Cantonese, including Taishanese, Yangjiang; dialectal Gan; Min) rice water
  8. (Xiamen, Zhangping, Taiwanese Min Nan) watery
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“to drink”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms
 


𣲎
𩚜
𢳃 “to water”
𢪪 “to water”

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjimH/
Li
Rong
/ʔjəmH/
Wang
Li
/ĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*q(r)[ə]mʔ-s/
English give to drink

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 6626
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qrɯms/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to give (animals) water to drink; to water (animals)
  2. (Sichuan) to water (plants)
  3. to wine and dine; to entertain with alcohol and food

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. to drink, consume
  2. to overwhelm

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm, Yale um)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ẩm, ỡm, hẩm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.