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U+9153, 酓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9153

[U+9152]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9154]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓田 (OINW), four-corner 80601, composition)

  1. bitter (beverage)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1281, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39786
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1781, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3576, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9153

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
酓-oracle.svg 酓-silk.svg 酓-bigseal.svg 酓-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰluːm'
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (153) (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔiᴇmX/ /ʔemH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiɛmX/ /ʔemH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔjæmX/ /ʔɛmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔiamX/ /ʔɛmH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiɛmX/ /ʔemH/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛmX/ /iemH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛmX/ /ʔiemH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǎn yàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 6556 6585 6591
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰɯːm/ /*qlamʔ/ /*qlɯːms/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bitter

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(yeom) (hangeul , revised yeom, McCune-Reischauer yŏm)

  1. bitter (wine)