Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+9837, 頷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9837

[U+9836]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9838]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 181, +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 人口一月金 (ORMBC) or X人口一月 (XORMB), four-corner 81686, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1405, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43512
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1922, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4375, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+9837

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡɯːm) + semantic  (head).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *gam (jaw; chin; molar) (STEDT).

Bodman (1980) considers it to be the endoactive of (OC *ɡɯːm, “to hold in the mouth”), literally “the thing that holds something in the mouth”.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngâm - “chin”;
  • ngám - “to nod”.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ām/ǎm - vernacular (“neck”);
    • hām/hǎm - literary (other senses).
    Note:
    • am6 - vernacular (“neck”);
    • ham5 - literary (other senses).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (33) (33)
    Final () (159) (159)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦʌm/ /ɦʌmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦəm/ /ɦəmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣɒm/ /ɣɒmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəm/ /ɦəmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣᴀm/ /ɣᴀmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣɒm/ /ɣɒmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣăm/ /ɣămX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hán hàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ homX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɢ]ˁ[ə]mʔ/
    English jaw, chin

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 6562 6568
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡɯːm/ /*ɡɯːmʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. chin; jowl
    2. to nod
      /   ―  hànshǒu  ―  to nod
    3. (Min Nan) neck
    4. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (am) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hạm, ham, hàm, hợm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.