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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 口人戈弓 (ROIN), four-corner 68027, composition)

  1. sing, hum
  2. recite
  3. type of poetry

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 177, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3330
  • Dae Jaweon: page 395, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 591, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+541F

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (吟), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 魚金切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɪm/ /ŋi̯əm/ /ŋiəm/ /ŋim/ /ŋim/ /ŋĭĕm/ /ŋjem/
Character (吟), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 宜禁切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɪmH/ /ŋi̯əmH/ /ŋiəmH/ /ŋimH/ /ŋimH/ /ŋĭĕmH/ /ŋjemH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yín ‹ ngim › /*m-qʰ(r)[ə]m/ chant, intone

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6618 1 /*ŋɡrɯm/
6620 1 /*ŋɡrɯms/

Definitions[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(eum) (hangeul , revised eum, McCune-Reischauer ŭm)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngâm, gặm, gẫm, ngăm, ngăn, ngậm, ngẫm, gầm, ngẩm, ngắm, ngợm)

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