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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 110 +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹人戈弓 (NHOIN), four-corner 18227, composition)

  1. pity, feel sorry for, show sympathy for

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 822, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1233, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2764, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+77DC

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (矜), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 居陵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨŋ/ /ki̯əŋ/ /kiəŋ/ /kɨŋ/ /kiŋ/ /kĭəŋ/ /kieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīn ‹ king › /*k-riŋ (dialect: *k-r- > k-, *-iŋ > MC -ing)/ pity (v.)
jīn ‹ king › /*k-riŋ/ boastful
qín ‹ gin › /*ɡriŋ/ kind of lance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6629 1 𥎊 /*ɡrɯn/ 𥎊下注古體
6630 1 /*ɡɯn/ 𥎊下注古體
6631 0 /*kɯŋ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geung, geun) (hangeul , , revised geung, geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭng, kŭn, Yale kung, kun)

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