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U+52E4, 勤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-52E4

[U+52E3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+52E5]
Ufa34.svg
U+FA34, 勤
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA34

[U+FA33]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA35]
勤 U+2F827, 勤
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F827
勉
[U+2F826]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 勺
[U+2F828]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 19, +11 in Chinese, 力+10 in Japanese, 13 strokes in Chinese, 12 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 廿一大尸 (TMKS), four-corner 44127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 149, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 378, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E4

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𰅉

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯn): phonetic (OC *ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ) + semantic (strong) – to work hard, to be diligent.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • keng5 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chenghai;
  • kêng5 - Jieyang;
  • king5 - Chaoyang.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (57)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡɨn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiən/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /gɨn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiən/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭən/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ən/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qín
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    kan4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qín
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjɨn ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ər/
    English toil, diligent, devoted

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6749
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. industrious; diligent; attentive
        ―  xīnqín  ―  hardworking
      政事 / 政事  ―  qínyú zhèngshì  ―  to be diligent in attending to government affairs
    2. (literary, or in compounds) laborious; hard; miserable; exhausting
    3. (literary, or in compounds) duties; service
        ―  wàiqín  ―  fieldwork
      /   ―  zhíqín  ―  to be on duty
    4. frequent (done or occurring often)
      洗手  ―  qín xǐshǒu  ―  wash hands frequently
    5. 80th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "laboring" (𝍕)
    6. a surname.
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (laborious):
    edit
    edit

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“courteous, cordial; zealous”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. diligence

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (つとむ) (Tsutomu

    1. a male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eum (geun))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: cần, cùn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.