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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 19 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 廿一大尸 (TMKS), four-corner 44127, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 149, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 336, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 378, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+52E4

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡɯn): phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ) + semantic  ‎(strong) – to work hard, to be diligent.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɡiən/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjɨn ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ər/
English toil, diligent, devoted

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6749
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. industrious, diligent, attentive

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana つとむ, romaji Tsutomu)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cần, cùn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.