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U+50C5, 僅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50C5

[U+50C4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50C6]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that in Japanese, the official version of the character is written ⿰ (the component on the right, is not simplified to 𦰌). However, handwritten form of ⿰𦰌 is allowed.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人廿中一 (OTLM), four-corner 24214, composition)

  1. only, merely, solely, just

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 115, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1048
  • Dae Jaweon: page 246, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 208, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+50C5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯːn
*kʰrɯnʔ, *kʰrɯns
*ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ
*ɡrɯn, *ɡrɯns
𥎊 *ɡrɯn
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns
*ɡrɯns, *ɡɯn, *ɡɯnʔ
*ɡrɯns
*ŋɡrɯn, *ŋɡɯn
*kɯnʔ
槿 *kɯnʔ
*kɯnʔ
*kɯnʔ, *ɡɯn
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯn
*ɡɯn

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡrɯn, *kɯnʔ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note: gan6 - rare variant.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡienH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjinH/
Li
Rong
/ɡjĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ginH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]rə[r]-s/
English barely

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6734
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. only; merely
  2. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚinH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡienH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjinH/
Li
Rong
/ɡjĕnH/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐĕnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ĕnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jìn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jìn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ginH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]rə[r]-s/
English barely

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6734
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯns/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) nearly; almost

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. merely, small quantity

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geun) (hangeul , revised geun, McCune-Reischauer kŭn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cẩn, cận)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.