kin

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Kin, kín, kīn, -kin, kin-, k'in, and -kin-

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: kĭn, IPA(key): /kɪn/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English kin, kyn, ken, kun, from Old English cynn (kind, sort, rank, quality, family, generation, offspring, pedigree, kin, race, people, gender, sex, propriety, etiquette), from Proto-Germanic *kunją (race, generation, descent), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵn̥h₁yom, from *ǵenh₁- (to produce). Cognate with Scots kin (relatives, kinfolk), North Frisian kinn, kenn (gender, race, family, kinship), Dutch kunne (gender, sex), Middle Low German kunne (gender, sex, race, family, lineage), Danish køn (gender, sex), Swedish kön (gender, sex), Icelandic kyn (gender), and through Indo-European, with Latin genus (kind, sort, ancestry, birth), Ancient Greek γένος (génos, kind, race), Sanskrit जनस् (jánas, kind, race), Albanian dhen ((herd of) small cattle).

Noun[edit]

kin (countable and uncountable, plural kin)

  1. Race; family; breed; kind.
  2. (collectively) Persons of the same race or family; kindred.
  3. One or more relatives, such as siblings or cousins, taken collectively.
  4. Relationship; same-bloodedness or affinity; near connection or alliance, as of those having common descent.
  5. Kind; sort; manner; way.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
See also[edit]
Further reading[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kin (not comparable)

  1. Related by blood or marriage, akin. Generally used in "kin to".
    It turns out my back-fence neighbor is kin to one of my co-workers.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin (plural kins)

  1. A primitive Chinese musical instrument of the cittern kind, with from five to twenty-five silken strings.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Riemann to this entry?)
    • 1840, Elijah Coleman Bridgman, Samuel Wells Williams, The Chinese Repository (page 40)
      If a musician were going to give a lecture upon the mathematical part of his art, he would find a very elegant substitute for the monochord in the Chinese kin.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin (plural kins)

  1. Alternative form of k'in

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

kin

  1. Pronunciation spelling of can.

Anagrams[edit]


Afrikaans[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Dutch kin, from Middle Dutch kinne, from Old Dutch kinni, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénus.

Noun[edit]

kin (plural kinne)

  1. Alternative form of ken.

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin

  1. genitive plural of kino

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch kinne, from Old Dutch kinni, from Proto-Germanic *kinnuz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵénus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin f (plural kinnen, diminutive kinnetje n)

  1. chin

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: kin

Guinea-Bissau Creole[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kin

  1. who

Hungarian[edit]

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

Etymology[edit]

ki +‎ -n

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kin

  1. superessive singular of ki

Ido[edit]

Ido numbers (edit)
50
 ←  4 5 6  → 
    Cardinal: kin
    Ordinal: kinesma
    Adverbial: kinfoye
    Multiplier: kinopla
    Fractional: kinima

Etymology[edit]

From French cinq, Spanish cinco, Italian cinque, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *pénkʷe.

Numeral[edit]

kin

  1. five (5)

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kin

  1. Rōmaji transcription of きん

Min Nan[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of kin – see (“catty, a unit of weight”).
(This character, kin, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Navajo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Dogrib kǫ̀.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin

  1. market, store
    Kingóó déyá.I am going to the store.
  2. house, cabin, building
  3. town

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Ngarrindjeri[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kin

  1. him

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kin ?

  1. short

Synonyms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German kinne, kin, from Old Saxon kinni.

Noun[edit]

kin n (plural kinnen, diminutive kintsje)

  1. chin

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • kin”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yagara[edit]

Noun[edit]

kin

  1. Alternative form of ginn.

References[edit]