-nik

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See also: nik, Nik, and -ník

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From the Slavic suffix (Russian: -ник (-nik)). This suffix experienced a surge in English coinages for nicknames and diminutives after the 1957 Soviet launch of the first Sputnik satellite. English usage is heavily influenced by Yiddish usage of ־ניק (-nik) and similar borrowed words (nogoodnik, nudnik, kibbutznik).

Suffix[edit]

-nik

  1. Creates a nickname for a person who exemplifies, endorses, or is associated with the thing or quality specified (by the base form), often a particular ideology or preference.

Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • 1990 Autumn, Kabakchi, V. V.; Doyle, Charles Clay, “Of Sputniks, Beatniks, and Nogoodniks”, in American Speech[1], volume 65, number 3, JSTOR 455919, pages 275-278:

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Compare Latvian -nieks and Russian -ник (-nik).

Suffix[edit]

-nik (genitive -niku, partitive -nikku)

  1. Forms occupational agent nouns. (non-productive)
    kiri "text" → kirjanik "writer"
    aed "garden" → aednik "gardener"
    kunst "art" → kunstnik "artist"

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]



Ojibwe[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nik (plural -nikan)

  1. arm
    ingodonikone arm; one armlength
    midaasonikten arms; ten armlengths
    jiiskinikebizonbracelet; garter
    minikeyaabarmband; bracelet
    ninikmy arm
    gichinikright hand

Related terms[edit]


Polish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-nik m

  1. Forms masculine nouns referring to a performer of some action, sometimes a device; -er

Declension[edit]

Personal nouns:

Impersonal nouns:

Derived terms[edit]


Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-(ь)nikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ik). The suffix originates from Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare with dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

Suffix[edit]

-nik (Cyrillic spelling -ник)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Skok, Petar (1971) Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume I, Zagreb: JAZU, page 515