-ник

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See also: ник

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-ьnikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ик (-ik)). The suffix originates from the Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

Suffix[edit]

-ник (-nik)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.
    дневникdnevnikdiary
    спутникsputnikfellow traveler; satellite
    ученикučenikschoolboy
    учебникučebniktextbook

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix has the same properties as -ный (-nyj):

Additional properties:

Note in particular that nouns in -ка (-ka), -ко (-ko) have corresponding derived nouns in unstressed -очник or -ечник.

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *-(ь)nikъ, itself originally by nominalization of adjectives in *-ьnъ with the suffix *-ikъ (whence -ик). The suffix originates from Proto-Balto-Slavic period; compare with dialectal Lithuanian lauk-inykas (peasant, farmer) (from laũkas (field)) and Old Prussian lauk-inikis (vassal).

Suffix[edit]

-ник (Latin spelling -nik)

  1. Suffix appended to nominal stems to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a profession, performer, place, object, tool or a feature.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]