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From Proto-Slavic *-ьko.



-ко ‎(-ko)

  1. Creates diminutives of neuter nouns and adverbs, normally having a colloquial register.
    тихо́нько ‎(tixónʹko, quiet) → тихо́нечко ‎(tixónečko, very quiet)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The suffix is added to the stem of the word (i.e. minus its final vowel, if any). An epenthetic vowel often breaks up stem-final consonant clusters, and velars become palatals according to the Slavic first palatalization (both effects are due to the yer that occurred at the Proto-Slavic level). These effects can be seen in тихо́нечко ‎(tixónečko, very quiet), derived from тихо́нько ‎(tixónʹko, quiet), itself containing the same diminutive ending. (Specifically, starting from the stem *тихо́ньк-, a vowel is epenthesized, producing тихо́нек-, and the final velar is palatalized, producing тихо́неч-.) In general, the combination -ко + -ко produces -ечко ‎(-ečko) or -очко ‎(-očko).



-ко (Latin spelling -ko)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a negative feature.