брат

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Belarusian братъ (brat), from Old East Slavic братъ (bratŭ), from Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm pers (genitive бра́та, nominative plural браты́, genitive plural брато́ў, feminine сястра́, related adjective бра́цкі or братэ́рскі, diminutive бра́цік)

  1. brother

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm (related adjective бра́тов or бра́тски, diminutive бра́тец or братле́ or брато́к or бра́тче)

  1. brother

Declension[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [brat]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm (plural браќа, feminine сестра, related adjective братски, diminutive братче or бато or бате)

  1. brother
    Брат ми се пресели во Лондон.Brat mi se preseli vo London.My brother has moved to London.
  2. bro, mate, pal, buddy (used in informal speech to address somebody)
    Кај си бе, брат?Kaj si be, brat?What's up, bro?
  3. (colloquial) Used to designate someone resembling the person in question, especially in character (hyperbolically suggesting that he could therefore be that person's brother).

Usage notes[edit]

  • When this word is used in the sense of "brother", the vocative form is mostly "брату". When it's used in the sense of "mate", "pal", or "buddy", the vocative form is mostly "брате". However, in the second sense, the vocative form is not necessarily used. Among youngsters, the basic form "брат" is dominant (and quite popular, at that).

Declension[edit]


Russian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic братъ (bratŭ), from Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Cognates include Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrātṛ), Latin frater, English brother and English pal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm anim (genitive бра́та, nominative plural бра́тья*, genitive plural бра́тьев*, related adjective бра́тский, diminutive бра́тик or бра́тец or брато́к or брати́шка) (* The soft ending of the plural was originally used for feminine collective nouns, and the meaning of братья then was brotherhood.)

  1. brother
  2. old boy, pal

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Yakut: быраат (bıraat)

Rusyn[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm

  1. brother

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бра̏т m (Latin spelling brȁt)

  1. brother
  2. mate, pal, buddy, when used in informal speech to address somebody in vocative (brate)

Usage notes[edit]

There is no plural form for this noun. Instead, the collective term бра̏ћа is used for plural meanings.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm pers (genitive брата́, nominative plural брати́, genitive plural браті́в, related adjective бра́тній or бра́тський or брате́рський, diminutive бра́тик or бра́тець or брату́нь)

  1. brother (biological sibling)
  2. brother (member of the Christian brotherhood)
  3. pal, mate

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]