брати

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Old Church Slavonic[edit]

Verb[edit]

брати (brati)

  1. to fight

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: бороться (borotʹsja)

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bьrati

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /brâti/
  • Hyphenation: бра‧ти

Verb[edit]

бра̏ти impf (Latin spelling brȁti)

  1. (transitive) to pick (grasp and pull with the fingers or fingernails)
  2. (transitive) to pick (to remove a fruit or plant for consumption)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old East Slavic бьрати (bĭrati), from Proto-Slavic *bьrati. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): [ˈbrɑte]

Verb[edit]

бра́ти (brátyimpf (perfective взя́ти)

  1. (transitive) to take, to grab
  2. (transitive) to gather, to pick up
  3. (transitive) to fetch (liquid)
  4. (transitive) to pick (mushrooms, berries, etc.)
  5. (transitive) to pull out (plants, etc.)
  6. (transitive) to retrieve
  7. (transitive) to obtain for use
  8. (transitive) to charge (fine, tax, etc.)
  9. (transitive) to loan
  10. (transitive) to capture
  11. (transitive) to perceive
  12. (transitive) to bring
  13. (transitive) to hire, to employ
  14. (transitive) to arrest
  15. (transitive, dated) to marry
  16. (transitive, dialectal) to deliver, to assist in the birth of
  17. (intransitive, colloquial) to eat bait (about fish)
  18. (intransitive, transitive) to execute an action (about machine, instrument)
  19. (transitive) to overcome a difficult area, obstacle
  20. (intransitive, colloquial) to change direction of movement
  21. (transitive) to fill, to use up (time), to exhauste
  22. (transitive) to assume control of something (about a feeling, physical condition)
  23. (transitive, obsolete) to wear
  24. (intransitive) used before a verb to emphasize imperative mood, or to indicate the beginning of action

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982), “брати”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume I, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, page 247
  • брати in Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брати́ (bratý)

  1. nominative plural of брат (brat).
  2. vocative plural of брат (brat).