retrieve

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Recorded in Middle English c.1410 as retreve (altered to retrive in the 16th century; modern form is from c.1650), from Middle French retruev-, stem of Old French (=modern) retrouver (to find again), itself from re- (again) + trouver (to find) (probably from Vulgar Latin *tropare (to compose))

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɹɪˈtɹiv/, /ɹəˈtɹiv/, /ɹiˈtɹiv/
  • Rhymes: -iːv

Verb[edit]

retrieve (third-person singular simple present retrieves, present participle retrieving, simple past and past participle retrieved)

  1. (transitive) To regain or get back something.
    to retrieve one's character or independence; to retrieve a thrown ball
    • (Can we date this quote by Dryden and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      With late repentance now they would retrieve / The bodies they forsook, and wish to live.
  2. (transitive) To rescue (a creature).
  3. (transitive) To salvage something
  4. (transitive) To remedy or rectify something.
  5. (transitive) To remember or recall something.
  6. (transitive, especially computing) To fetch or carry back something.
    • (Can we date this quote by Berkeley and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      to retrieve them from their cold, trivial conceits
  7. (transitive) To fetch and bring in game.
    The cook doesn't care what's shot, only what's actually retrieved.
  8. (intransitive) To fetch and bring in game systematically.
    Dog breeds called 'retrievers' were selected for retrieving.
  9. (intransitive) To fetch or carry back systematically, notably as a game.
    Most dogs love retrieving, regardless of what object is thrown.
  10. (sports, transitive) To make a difficult but successful return of the ball.
  11. (obsolete) To remedy the evil consequence of, to repair (a loss or damage).
    • (Can we date this quote by Prior and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Accept my sorrow, and retrieve my fall.
    • (Can we date this quote by Burke and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      There is much to be done [] and much to be retrieved.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

retrieve (plural retrieves)

  1. A retrieval
  2. (sports) The return of a difficult ball
  3. (obsolete) A seeking again; a discovery.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
  4. (obsolete) The recovery of game once sprung.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)

Translations[edit]