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Nominal use of Old French trover (to find).



trover (countable and uncountable, plural trovers)

  1. (law) Taking possession of personal property which has been found.
    • 1844, Robert Browning, "Garden Fancies," II. Sibrandus Schafnaburgennis:
      How did he like it when the live creatures
      Tickled and toused and browsed him all over,
      And worm, slug, eft, with serious features
      Came in, each one, for his right of trover?
  2. (law) A legal action brought to recover such property by its original owner.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, Tom Jones, Folio Society 1973, p. 431:
      The pocket-book was a late present from Mrs Western [] . A prudent person [] would not have offered more than a shilling, or perhaps sixpence, for it; nay, some perhaps would have given nothing, and left the fellow to his action of trover, which some learned serjeants may doubt whether he could, under these circumstances, have maintained.
    • 1792, Richard Burns & John Burns, A New Law Dictionary, Volume II, "Trover":
      By a fiction of law, actions of trover are now permittedto be brought against any person who hath got into his possession by any means whatsoever the goods of another, and sold them or used them without the consent of the owner, or refused to deliver them when demanded.


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Vulgar Latin *tropāre, present active infinitive of *tropō, from Latin tropus. Compare Old Occitan trobar.



  1. to find


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -er. The forms that would normally end in *-v, *-vs, *-vt are modified to f, s, t. This verb has a stressed present stem truev distinct from the unstressed stem trov, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.

Related terms[edit]


  • Bourguignon: trovai
  • English: trover
  • French: trouver
  • Gallo: terouer
  • Norman: trouvaer